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Three Ideas for MLB Expansion

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Tom Lohr has eaten a hot dog at all 30 MLB ballparks and is the author of "Gone to the Dogs: In Search of the Best Ballpark Hot Dog."

If the MLB were to expand, how and where would they do it?

If the MLB were to expand, how and where would they do it?

Are You Ready for More Baseball?

Major League Baseball commissioner Rob Manfred has made no secret of his affinity for expanding MLB from 30 to 32 or more teams. The adage that a rising tide lifts all boats is a mantra to keep in mind when considering expansion. The more teams there are, the broader the appeal, especially for fans that live in a geographical baseball desert.

As the NFL's popularity wanes, it would be in baseball's best interest to find new hosts for teams now rather than later. There are issues, of course.

Replacement for the ballparks in Oakland and Tampa is said to be at the top of Rob Manfred's priority list and a prerequisite to adding more teams to the league. He, along with most fans, are also very interested in adding at least one more international team. Currently, only Toronto has a franchise outside of the United States.

While it is supposed to be the most popular sport in the country, the NFL has serious issues and its fanbase is fleeing. This makes the time ripe to officially propose adding at least two teams. It is time to strike while the iron is hot.

There are a lot of factors that affect a city appearing lucrative for an MLB franchise. The most obvious is population. More people means more fans. Television coverage is another. The revenue made from TV broadcasts is huge and is one of the most important financial aspects for considering a metro area for a team.

When talking about foreign markets, there is an affluence factor. Any fan will tell you that going to an MLB game isn't cheap. For most of us, we can manage it a few times a year. In the United States, the median annual household income is $45,000, while in Mexico, it is $10,000. If Mexico City acquires a team and retains average MLB ticket prices, the huge population of the area does not necessarily translate into fans that can afford to attend a game. Those are the big two considerations.

So who should get a team? It depends on how creative baseball wants to get. I have three proposals for baseball for bringing hardball to the masses and ensuring that baseball retains its rightful place as the sport of choice. They are depicted on the maps below, along with accompanying reasoning. Each circle on the maps represents a 200-mile radius, which is about the distance a fan would consider driving to attend a game. Current teams are depicted in green, proposed expansion teams are red.

Current MLB Team

Current MLB Team

1. The Sure Single

Slapping a ball over the infield's head just short of the outfield is the quintessential hit in baseball: the single. While not as dramatic as a multi-bag hit, it is the main building block of a win. Get a single, get on base, and things will happen. The same can be said for baseball expansion. The two surest cities that have been on everyone's lips when talking adding teams are Montreal and Charlotte.

Montreal has proven that it can host a team successfully, as it did before the 1994 strike and stadium issues caused the team to relocate to Washington D.C.. As of now, Canada only has one team, situated in Toronto. Nearly 50% of Canadians watched at least one Blue Jays postseason play the last time Toronto was in the playoffs. That is a fanbase worth catering to.

Charlotte is among the top ten populous cities in the US that does not have an MLB franchise. Considering that they have little problem supporting an NFL team (at least for now), and noticing the glaring hole of MLB territorial coverage in the Carolinas on the map, Charlotte is the front runner for a team inside our borders.

Adding Two Teams

Adding Two Teams

2. Stretched for Extra Bases

Turning on the momentum as a player rounds the bases for a double or triple is exciting, but it takes some risk. So would be the case for adding four teams. It's a stretch and would not even out the leagues as well as just two teams. But there is a huge gap in teams in the western United States. This plan, in addition to the previous two teams, help address the dearth of baseball in the west as well an expanding international play.

Las Vegas is the best western venue to gamble (pun intended) on an MLB expansion team. It has a population that equals other cities that support a team, like Pittsburgh, Cleveland and a few others. Plus, unlike many franchise towns, Las Vegas has a huge tourist industry that pulls in millions of visitors per year. Eventually, visitors will get tired of all of the shows on the strip and look for other live entertainment; enter the Las Vegas baseball team. It also adds a non-gambling entertainment option for tourists.

Portland had been on the MLB radar for some time. Portland has a similar TV market size as St Louis and had supported an NBA team since 1970. There have been rumors of Oakland moving there for years, but the A's getting a new ballpark and Portland an expansion franchise is a much better idea. A team there also helps fill the gap between the northern California teams and Seattle.

Adding Four Teams

Adding Four Teams

3. The Grand Slam

If we are talking expansion, why not swing for the fences. Six teams are certainly better than two or four. This option stresses international expansion, thereby making baseball a true world sport. While this plan is the most ambitious, all great plans are.

Tokyo. Japan already has a huge baseball fanbase. Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB) has twelve solid teams, with each team averaging over 1.5 million per year in attendance and over 20,000 per game. Additionally, Tokyo is the largest metropolitan are in the world and had stadiums ready to host a team. Plus there is already some cross-pollination, some former MLB players are on NPB teams and vice-versa. Tokyo could also skip the expansion draft in favor of putting together what would constitute a permanent NPB all-star team that would be competitive from day one.

The biggest hurdle would be travel. A team traveling from Chicago to Houston has a flight time of 2 hours and 40 minutes. Chicago to Tokyo is a mind-numbing 13 hours. Some creative scheduling would have to be done to accommodate the distance. A 6 or 7 game series against Tokyo with a day of rest in between to limit the number of trans-pacific flights is one idea. Or, Japan could build a ballpark in Hawaii and make it their home turf. Last year, 1.5 million Japanese visited Hawaii. If their national team was there, you can bank on nearly every tourist taking in a game.

Monterrey, Mexico. Even the executive branch of MLB agrees that it is time for a team in Mexico. The first MLB team to break in south of the border will have TV territory of all of Mexico, as well as having an entire country behind one team, as Canada currently does. So why not Mexico City? I explained above why more fans in an area does not always relate to more ticket sales due to the affluence factor. Most large cities in Mexico would be a wash with that. Baseball also had issues with the altitude at Coor's Field in Denver when it opened up, and it is still a bear of a park for pitchers due to the thin air. Mexico City is over 2,000 feet higher than Denver. In addition, the air quality is an issue with the city's unbridled pollution. Monterrey is cleaner, much closer and the same size as many US cities with MLB teams.

There would also have to be some creative revenue sharing to keep ticket prices lower for a Mexican team. Baseball is flush with funds, so spreading a little of it around to expand in Mexico should be a no-brainer for MLB owners.

Adding Six Teams. The International Option.

Adding Six Teams. The International Option.

Are You Ready?

Other cities are certainly eligible for a team. Nashville, Memphis, Indianapolis, and Oklahoma City to name a few. These are my proposals, and I particularly like the international option. What are your ideas for adding teams to the league?

Questions & Answers

Question: What about New Orleans acquiring an MLB team?

Answer: New Orleans cannot even keep their minor league club in town. While not a terrible choice, I don't see it happening.

Question: Is Buffalo ready for an MLB team?

Answer: I doubt it. They have a strong AAA team and fan base, but Toronto is too close.

Question: What do you think would be a better expansion for MLB: Havana or Santo Domingo?

Answer: Either would be a good step on the right direction


Tom Lohr (author) from Magdalena, NM on July 26, 2020:


I’d like to see New Orleans get an MLB team as well. Unfortunately, they haven’t been able to keep their minor league team there so they would need to figure out what the deal is with that first.

Chug on July 26, 2020:

These are all decent ideas. The Hawaii Islanders at one time was considered the strongest team in the minors, I don’t see why not experiment with a major league team in Honolulu to be honest. Another one I thought of was New Orleans as the Pelicans do fairly well and the Saints especially well so it looks viable as an potential baseball city

James R. Wilson on May 01, 2020:


Alan Merrett on August 14, 2019:

Just an aside issue. if it is the harder ball causing the rise in runs being scored then go back to the original ball construction. The great appeal of baseball is the entertainment value of the possibility of a 9-8 game but equally possible to see a 1-0 game. I saw the red Sox vYankees in London and the high runs scoring 17-13 was just going a bit too far to be boring.

Alan Merrett on August 02, 2019:

Re expansion outside North America.I live in England and played baseball here in the late sixties and early seventies.I am British but as you can tell love baseball. baseball in the UK is struggling because it gets no government funding like many other sports. baseball has made little progress since I was playing,I am now 70. European Baseball is thriving.The Czech Republic,Germany,Spain ,Belgium and several others are improving to the standard of Italy and the Netherlands, who compete with anyone. Europe and Baseball cannot wait to let each nation develop. I think baseball would do well to consider funding a "major" league with and east and west division with franchises and/or funding provided to each nation to allow them to fund teams in the major cities of each country. For example London,Birmingham,Liverpool,Manchester,Bristol,Leeds, Newcastle and Southampton in England and simialr in other countries. I am trying to suggest something that might just give baseball the boost and the publicity to get it into the sports pages and on TV. I was in London for the Yankess v Red Sox and know that there is support and interest out there.It is the same in many European Countries.

Tom Lohr (author) from Magdalena, NM on August 01, 2019:

Alan I’d love to see a 7 team expansion, but considering the snails pace expansion of the past I’ll never live to see it

Alan Merrett on July 31, 2019:

Like Portland and or Vancouver,Indianapolis,Memphis and Oklahoma, There are several large cities that could support MLB franchises. Ever thought of having four leagues with 10 teams in each league and the four league champions, then have semi final series, with the winners going to the World Series final.

40 teams would allow for a 7 team expansion and there are cities that could would be willing and able support these teams, financially.Having the winners only going to the play offs would stop the play off series and world series becoming too long and complicated.

Tom Lohr (author) from Magdalena, NM on July 05, 2019:

The reason they play overseas occasionally is to introduce the sport to those that normally don't have the opportunity to attend a game.

ibraheem rao on July 04, 2019:

as a baseball fan not saying I would not watch/follow baseball at if they were to add more teams but they're nothing wrong of keeping things the way they are plus the tampa/Oakland stadium issues have to be taken care of first. alsio I realized that beginning in this deace for some reason all sports are sending some game overseas for some odd reason.

Tom Lohr (author) from Magdalena, NM on October 22, 2017:

Brian, all good suggestions. Havana will eventually be available. Before Castro it was a wondrous place I am told, and it will be again. Plus, it is very conveniently located.

Brian Lokker from Bethesda, Maryland on October 22, 2017:

Interesting proposals. I like Montreal and Charlotte for expansion to 32 teams. If baseball were to expand to 36 teams, I'd suggest San Antonio, Sacramento, and Orlando in addition to the cities you've named. I love the Havana idea but I wonder whether it would ever be politically feasible.

Tom Lohr (author) from Magdalena, NM on September 24, 2017:

CJ, it was while I was in the Navy

CJ Kelly from the PNW on September 24, 2017:

Were you at Gitmo while in the Service? Or do they allow vacations?

Tom Lohr (author) from Magdalena, NM on September 23, 2017:

I am surprised Castro, when he was alive, didn't push for at least some sort of minor league team. He was a former pitcher you know. Cuba, given the right political climate, would make an excellent expansion team and cover the Caribbean. If allowed, Cuba could probably field a competitive team right now with the baseball talent on that island. I was in Cuba for a week in the 90s (Gitmo, not as a prisoner), it has great baseball weather.

CJ Kelly from the PNW on September 23, 2017:

Montreal makes the most sense logistically and from a revenue standpoint. Memphis might be able to swing it (pun not intended...). Portland could not sustain a team.

But would love to see a team in Mexico. Maybe one day in Cuba? Once the Castros are gone things will really open up. The atmosphere would be incredible.