The 10 Biggest Draft Busts in Cleveland Browns History

Updated on February 11, 2020
Former Cleveland Browns quarterback, Johnny Manziel, watches a men's basketball game between his alma mater, Texas A&M, and the University of Kentucky in 2017. Off-the-field issues were one of Manziel's primary downfalls in his time with the Browns.
Former Cleveland Browns quarterback, Johnny Manziel, watches a men's basketball game between his alma mater, Texas A&M, and the University of Kentucky in 2017. Off-the-field issues were one of Manziel's primary downfalls in his time with the Browns. | Source

The Worst Draft Picks in Cleveland Browns History

Since the Cleveland Browns returned to the National Football League as an expansion franchise in 1999, they have struggled tremendously. Unfortunately, their talent evaluation hasn't been much better than their play on the field. Cleveland has flubbed numerous first-round selections, and has drafted just one player who has established himself as a Hall of Fame-caliber player (unlike the original Browns, who were in the NFL from 1950–95). And while those poor selections have left the Browns as the league's laughing-stock in many years, there are several reasons why the franchise has failed to build a winner.

  • There have been 10 general managers since 1999
  • There have been 12 head coaches since 1999
  • There have been 3 principal owners since 1999
  • There have been numerous other executives with a voice in player personnel decisions

As the old adage says: "Too many chiefs, not enough Indians." The Browns have never been able to maintain a consistent front office or coaching staff since 1999, which hinders player development because of constantly changing philosophies. That's not to say that draft busts are new to Cleveland (the first bad pick the franchise made came in 1952), but the majority of picks featured here are from the past two decades.

Selection Criteria for This List

Among the factors used to develop this list, which includes the 10 worst draft picks the Browns have ever made, as well as a handful of honorable-mention selections, are:

  • Return on investment (A top pick who failed to meet expectations, a top pick who created off-the-field distractions, etc.)
  • Risk vs. Reward (How much risk was involved in the pick and how far back was the franchise set by the failure?)

For the purposes of this list, only time spent in Cleveland is considered when determining how bad the draft pick was. So while running back Trent Richardson failed to live up to general expectations that would be placed upon a player drafted third overall, his one season with the Browns was fairly successful. Therefore, you won't find him on this list, even though his NFL career lasted just three seasons. Now, without further ado, let's count down the 10 biggest draft busts in the history of the Cleveland Browns.

Former Cleveland Browns quarterback, Mike Phipps, is seen playing for Purdue University. He was an All-American quarterback there before being selected with the No. 3 pick in the 1970 NFL Draft.
Former Cleveland Browns quarterback, Mike Phipps, is seen playing for Purdue University. He was an All-American quarterback there before being selected with the No. 3 pick in the 1970 NFL Draft. | Source

10. Mike Phipps

  • Year Drafted: 1970
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 3
  • Position: Quarterback
  • College: Purdue

When the Cleveland Browns made a shocking trade that sent a future Hall of Fame wide receiver, Paul Warfield, to the Miami Dolphins, the franchise was counting on making a strong selection with the draft pick it received in return. Michael "Mike" Phipps was a serviceable quarterback for several seasons, but certainly didn't provide the return a team would expect from the investment of the No. 3 pick. The idea was that Phipps would eventually take over for the aging and injury-prone Bill Nelsen, who had led the Browns to the American Football Conference Championship game in 1968 and '69.

Phipps was used sparingly over seven years, playing just one complete season. In 51 starts, he posted a 24-25-2 record, and he also lost both playoff games he started. In his career with Cleveland, Phipps completed 633 of 1,317 passes for 7,700 yards, 40 touchdowns, and 81 interceptions. All was not lost, however, as the Browns sent Phipps to the Chicago Bears in 1977 in exchange for a first-round draft pick in 1978. With that selection, Cleveland drafted Ozzie Newsome, a tight end who stayed with the Browns until his retirement in 1990 and was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

9. William Green

  • Year Drafted: 2002
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 16
  • Position: Running back
  • College: Boston College

William Green's on-field talent was undeniable, but there was some uncertainty about his off-the-field behavior that allowed the talented running back to fall to the Cleveland Browns in the 2002 NFL Draft. Green—who was named the Big East Offensive Player of the Year and an All-American in 2001, but also served two suspensions while at Boston College—was drafted to be paired with young quarterback, Tim Couch, to form a 1-2 punch on offense for the expansion Browns. "There was very little conversation about who we should take once we were on the clock, because everyone was looking at the same card on the wall, and that was Green's card," said Browns president and chief executive officer, Carmen Policy. "There was never any question . . . this was the best running back by far on the board. I think our people feel that he's really going to add the dimension that we desperately require" (Smith, 2002).

Green had a solid rookie season, gaining 887 yards and 6 touchdowns on 283 carries. That included a game-sealing and career-long 64-yard touchdown run against the Atlanta Falcons, which put the Browns into the postseason. He was off to a strong start in 2003, but an arrest led to a suspension by the NFL and he was then stabbed in a domestic dispute during that suspension. He struggled in 2004 with an average of 39 yards per game in 15 appearances, and injuries took their toll in 2005 to end his career. All together, Green carried the ball 568 times for 2,109 yards and 9 touchdowns in 46 games.

Former Cleveland Browns quarterback and busted first-round draft pick, Brandon Weeden, reacts during a game against the Indianapolis Colts in the 2019 AFC Wild Card playoff round, Weeden has remained a backup quarterback in the NFL with three teams.
Former Cleveland Browns quarterback and busted first-round draft pick, Brandon Weeden, reacts during a game against the Indianapolis Colts in the 2019 AFC Wild Card playoff round, Weeden has remained a backup quarterback in the NFL with three teams. | Source

8. Brandon Weeden

  • Year Drafted: 2012
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 22
  • Position: Quarterback
  • College: Oklahoma State

At 28 years old, Brandon Weeden became the oldest first-round NFL draft pick of all-time when the Cleveland Browns gambled on his talents in 2012. Weeden began his athletic career as a professional baseball player, but after failing to reach the Major Leagues, he enrolled at Oklahoma State and became the starting quarterback. Weeden found great success in college, and many believed that would translate to an NFL career.

"When you're talking about a quarterback, we just didn't think it was worth taking a risk," said general manager, Tom Heckert. "There's some teams we know that were interested in him behind us. Eventually he's gonna be a starter for us. That's why we drafted him" (Ulrich, 2012). That did turn out to be true—just not exactly in the way the Browns had planned. Weeden tossed 4 interceptions in his debut, but did rebound to finish the season with 3,385 yards, 14 touchdowns, and 17 interceptions. After a coaching change for the 2013 season, however, Weeden fell out of favor after losing five starts, and he was released following the season. He's remained a backup in the NFL since, but has never found success equal to his draft slot.

7. Steve Holden and Pete Adams

  • Year Drafted: 1973
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 16 (Holden) and 22 (Adams)
  • Position: Wide receiver (Holden) and offensive guard (Adams)
  • College: Arizona State (Holden) and University of Southern California (Adams)

With seven selections in the first four rounds, the 1973 NFL Draft was supposed to a big reloading project for the Cleveland Browns. Unfortunately, the Browns whiffed on the first two picks of that project. Cleveland spent a compensatory selection from the New York Giants on wide receiver, Steve Holden, at pick No. 16, and then added offensive guard, Pete Adams, at No. 22. In combination with several other promising picks throughout the early rounds, the team's front office believed they had constructed a championship-caliber team. ". . . I think this has the potential to be the best draft in the 10 years that I've been associated with the Browns," said head coach, Nick Skorich. The third-year head man described Holden and Adams as players "who could step in and do a regular job for us next year" (AP, 1973).

The Browns rated Holden as best overall college player in the draft and as the best player to come to the pro ranks since running back, O.J. Simpson, was drafted first overall in 1969. The pair of first-rounders were supposed to help take the Browns to the next level after finishing the 1972 season at 10–4. Instead, Holden caught just 62 passes for 927 yards and 4 touchdowns in 48 games over 4 seasons. Adams, meanwhile, was out of football after four seasons.

Former Cleveland Browns cornerback, Justin Gilbert, walks to the locker room during the second quarter of a 2016 game against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. As a first-round draft selection, he never became an impact defender for Cleveland.
Former Cleveland Browns cornerback, Justin Gilbert, walks to the locker room during the second quarter of a 2016 game against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. As a first-round draft selection, he never became an impact defender for Cleveland. | Source

6. Justin Gilbert

  • Year Drafted: 2014
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 8
  • Position: Cornerback
  • College: Oklahoma State

First-year general manager, Ray Farmer, was extremely busy during the first round of his first NFL Draft in 2014. Originally owning the No. 4 pick, Farmer traded that selection to the Buffalo Bills to take over the No. 9 spot in the order. He then made another trade, this time with the Minnesota Vikings to acquire the No. 8 overall pick. That is where Farmer would draft cornerback, Justin Gilbert, to start on the opposite side of the field as budding superstar, Joe Haden. Gilbert, however, never figured out how to be successful in the NFL. His lone highlight came on a 23-yard interception return for a touchdown as a rookie. Otherwise, he played in just 23 games over 2 seasons for the Browns—starting only 3. In the days leading up to the 2016 season, Gilbert was traded to the Pittsburgh Steelers for a sixth-round draft pick, ending his tenure in Cleveland with just 42 tackles.

Looking back on the 2014 draft, the selection of Gilbert is quite the anomaly. The three players selected prior to Gilbert and the nine players selected after him have all made at least one Pro Bowl appearance. Gilbert, meanwhile, has been out of football since 2016 and faces a one-year suspension if he is ever re-signed. With the No. 4 pick, the Bills drafted wide receiver Sammy Watkins, who became a dynamic playmaker and won a Super Bowl in 2020 with the Kansas City Chiefs. Many Browns fans had hoped the team would select Watkins at No. 4 and later draft a quarterback to pair with him.

Brady Quinn is one of several quarterbacks who the Cleveland Browns have drafted since 1999, and like so many, he never became a solid starter.
Brady Quinn is one of several quarterbacks who the Cleveland Browns have drafted since 1999, and like so many, he never became a solid starter. | Source

5. Brady Quinn

  • Year Drafted: 2007
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 22
  • Position: Quarterback
  • College: Notre Dame

There was speculation that quarterback Brady Quinn could be the No. 1 pick in the 2007 NFL Draft. And if that didn't happen, the Cleveland Browns certainly would choose him at No. 3 overall. And if none of that happened? Well, no one really planned that far. After the Browns elected to pick left tackle, Joe Thomas, with the No. 3 pick, Quinn was left to sit awkwardly in the green room as he fell outside the top 20. The Browns, however, were simply waiting. Cleveland traded a second-round pick and its first-round pick in 2008 to the Dallas Cowboys in exchange for the No. 22 pick in the 2007 draft, using that selection to nab Quinn. It was expected that Quinn would have extra motivation to prove himself in the NFL after his draft day fall, but it was another quarterback who would provide the Browns with a winning record in 2007.

That was Derek Anderson, who would join Quinn as an on-again, off-again starter throughout the next two seasons. Quinn was mostly watching from the sidelines, as injuries and poor performance limited him to just 14 games in 3 years. He posted a 3–9 mark in his 12 starts with the Browns, and was traded to the Denver Broncos in March 2010. With Cleveland, Quinn completed 184 of 353 passes for 1,902 yards, 10 touchdowns, and 9 interceptions.

4. Courtney Brown

  • Year Drafted: 2000
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 1
  • Position: Defensive end
  • College: Penn State

A "humble superstar" was the expectation given to defensive end, Courtney Brown, after he was selected by the Cleveland Browns with the No. 1 pick in the 2000 NFL Draft. Brown, the gargantuan from Penn State who was praised universally by those who knew him, was selected to anchor the defense in Cleveland, which ranked last statistically in 1999—the team's first year back as an expansion franchise. "I think if you drew up a football player, particularly a defensive football player, and put all the ingredients in you were looking for, you'd end up with Courtney Brown," said Browns owner, Al Lerner (Withers, 2000). Unfortunately, Brown's promise was never realized in the NFL.

Brown's only full season in the NFL was his rookie year, but he recorded a paltry 4.5 sacks. In 2001, however, he looked like he was on his way to becoming the player everyone expected him to become. He had recorded another 4.5 sacks through his first 5 games, but missed the remainder of the season due to injury. Brown struggled with the injuries the rest of his career, playing in 26 more games with Cleveland over the next 3 years. Brown was released in 2005, with Cleveland's intent to re-sign him to a restructured contract. He instead signed with the Denver Broncos two weeks later. In Cleveland, Brown missed 33 games over 5 years, and recorded 17 sacks.

Former Cleveland Browns quarterback, Bobby Garrett, is seen on his 1954 Bowman football card. He was Cleveland's No. 1 draft pick that season, but hardly played in the NFL.
Former Cleveland Browns quarterback, Bobby Garrett, is seen on his 1954 Bowman football card. He was Cleveland's No. 1 draft pick that season, but hardly played in the NFL. | Source

3. Bobby Garrett

  • Year Drafted: 1954
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 1
  • Position: Quarterback
  • College: Stanford

The NFL instituted a "bonus pick" for the 1947 NFL Draft, and it wasn't until the 1954 draft that the Cleveland Browns won the since-halted lottery that determined which team would get the No. 1 selection in each year's draft. At the time, it was assumed Hall of Fame quarterback, Otto Graham, was soon to retire, so Cleveland spent that bonus pick on the best college passer available, Robert "Bobby" Garrett. Garrett was touted as a future star after the signal-caller from Stanford won the W.J. Voit Memorial Trophy, which was given annually to the best college player on the Pacific coast. Less than 6 months after the draft, however, Cleveland traded Garrett to the Green Bay Packers on August 6. It was a six-player deal designed to help the Packers immediately and the Browns in the future, but neither team significantly benefited from the deal.

It was discovered that Garrett suffered from a speech impediment, and his inability to clearly communicate play calls left him with a nine-game NFL career. "He stuttered," former Packers fullback Fred Cone told the Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. "He couldn't get the plays out in the huddle. We had to crack him on the back so he could spit out the play. He couldn't say words that started with an 's,' like split left or split right. That was a real surprise to us. I think Coach (Lisle) Blackbourn was surprised, too. Bobby had a lot of ability and he was a real nice guy. You kind of felt sorry for him. But a quarterback has to get up there and bark out the signals, and he couldn't do it" (Merron, 2005). If there was ever a year for the Browns to misfire in the draft, however, 1954 was a good time to do so. Only one Hall of Famer was picked in the entire draft—Raymond Berry, who was selected by the Baltimore Colts in the 20th round.

2. Mike Junkin

  • Year Drafted: 1987
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 5
  • Position: Linebacker
  • College: Duke

The Cleveland Browns were tiring of the antics of Pro Bowl linebacker, Chip Banks, as the 1987 NFL Draft approached, and with the No. 5 pick, the team's leadership devised a plan. Not only would the Browns be rid of the troublesome Banks, they would get an NFL-ready replacement for him that would keep the defense rumbling. That's where All-American, Michael "Mike" Junkin, entered—except he never held up his end of the bargain.

So excited about Junkin's prospects, the Browns made a huge trade with the San Diego Chargers to make sure they got him. Cleveland traded Banks, as well as the No. 24 and No. 53 picks, in exchange for the No. 5 and No. 32 picks. "Of all the linebackers I have had the chance to evaluate, Mike Junkin is one of the very best I've seen," said head coach, Marty Schottenheimer—who was in his 12th season in the NFL. "In my mind, he's going to be a very effective (pass) rusher for us. He has a tremendous knack for getting to the football" (Meyer, 1987). Junkin staged a 16-day holdout before signing a 4-year contract, but closed his rookie season on injured reserve. In 1988, Junkin was plagued by a knee injury and inconsistent play.

Schottenheimer was fired by the Browns after the 1988 season, and the new regime began to dismantle the roster—trading away several players who were favorites of the ex-coach. That included Junkin, who was sent to the Kansas City Chiefs for a fifth-round draft pick. There, Junkin was reunited with Schottenheimer, who had been hired as that team's head coach. "I'm not going to sit here and tell you we're proud that we took the fifth player in the (1987) draft and had to turn around and trade him for a fifth-round pick," said Browns executive vice president Ernie Accorsi. "Not to demean the man, because I think he'll go someplace and hopefully have a productive career with a fresh start, but we based what we were going to do with him on what our new coaches felt about his chances of contributing. . . . Our coaches now really didn't feel he was going to have much of an opportunity to play so we just had to get what we could out of it" (Meyer, 1989).

Cleveland got 57 tackles, no sacks, and no interceptions from Junkin in 15 games. With the fifth-round selection from the Chiefs, the Browns selected wide receiver Vernon Joines, who gained just 86 yards in his NFL career.

Former Cleveland Browns and Montreal Alouettes quarterback, Johnny Manziel (2), reacts after throwing an interception during the second quarter of a 2018 game in the Canadian Football League. Manziel couldn't find success in Cleveland or Canada.
Former Cleveland Browns and Montreal Alouettes quarterback, Johnny Manziel (2), reacts after throwing an interception during the second quarter of a 2018 game in the Canadian Football League. Manziel couldn't find success in Cleveland or Canada. | Source

1. Johnny Manziel

  • Year Drafted: 2014
  • Round: 1st
  • Overall Pick: 22
  • Position: Quarterback
  • College: Texas A&M

Quarterback Johnny Manziel was arguably the most polarizing college football player eligible for the 2014 NFL Draft. His talent was undeniable (he won the Heisman Trophy in 2012 and was a finalist in '13), but a cocky attitude had some wondering if he would be disciplined enough to succeed in the NFL. After watching team after team pass on him, he had a message for the Cleveland Browns, who declined to select him with the No. 4 pick. According to then-quarterbacks coach Dowall Loggains, Manziel sent him a text message that stated: "I wish you guys would come get me. Hurry up and draft me because I want to be there. I want to wreck this league together" (Sanchez, 2014). Loggains forwarded the message up the ranks, which inspired the Browns to take the risk and trade up to draft him at No. 22.

Manziel became an instant favorite among Cleveland fans, and carried high expectations into his rookie season. But controversy quickly arose in the preseason, when he was fined for flipping off Washington Redskins players during a game, and in what limited action he saw as a rookie, he had tremendous struggles. After the 2015 preseason, he still couldn't land the starting role, but filled in as the backup for several games. By the middle of the season, he was promoted to starter, but after a video surfaced of him partying on the team's bye week, he was demoted to third-string. Manziel eventually worked his way back into a starting role, but then was injured. For the final game of the season, Manziel was ruled out with a concussion, and missed a check-in with a team physician.

In February 2016, Manziel was the target of a domestic violence investigation in Dallas, and on March 11, the Browns released the troubled quarterback. Manziel's parade of off-the-field troubles led Associated Press reporter, Tom Withers, to begin a story about his release by writing: "Johnny Manziel's tightest spiral with the Browns was a downward one" (Withers, 2016). Manziel was apologetic in a statement following his release: "I'd like to thank the Browns for the opportunity they gave me—nearly two years ago, we all hoped that we were building what could be a championship team in Cleveland. I will always remember the support I received from the organization, my teammates, and especially, the fans" (Withers, 2016).

"Johnny Football" attempted to revive his career in the Canadian Football League, but was barred from that league in 2019 for violating his contract. He then played in the Alliance of American Football, but that league suspended operations before its first season was completed. It's unlikely he'll play in the NFL again. With the Browns, Manziel played in 15 games, and posted a 2–6 record in his starts. He was 147-of-258 passing for 1,675 yards, 7 touchdowns, and 7 interceptions—making him the biggest bust in Browns history.

Former Cleveland Browns offensive guard, Austin Corbett, stretches during the team's 2018 training camp in Berea. After reaching to draft Corbett that year, the Browns released him three games into the 2019 season.
Former Cleveland Browns offensive guard, Austin Corbett, stretches during the team's 2018 training camp in Berea. After reaching to draft Corbett that year, the Browns released him three games into the 2019 season. | Source

Honorable Mentions

The Cleveland Browns—like all franchises—have had numerous draft busts, and here are some others that were significant but fell just outside of the top 10.

Harry Agganis

The story of Aristotle "Harry" Agganis is a sad one. In the 1952 NFL Draft, the Cleveland Browns selected Agganis as the No. 12 overall selection as a backup to aging quarterback, Otto Graham. Agganis, however, would spurn the Browns to sign with the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball. He debuted for the Red Sox in 1954, but developed pneumonia and a viral infection in the summer of 1955. He died from a pulmonary embolism on June 27, 1955.

Kurt Burris

The Cleveland Browns drafted center, Kurt Burris, with the No. 13 pick in the 1955 NFL Draft. Burris finished as the runner-up for the 1954 Heisman Trophy at the University of Oklahoma, but he declined to sign with the Browns and went to the Canadian Football League instead. He won a pair of Grey Cups with the Edmonton Eskimos, so he probably could have helped solidify Cleveland's already highly touted offensive line.

Tom Hutchinson

Hoping to add a play-making wide receiver, the Cleveland Browns selected Tom Hutchinson with the No. 9 pick in the 1963 NFL Draft. As an All-American out of the University of Kentucky, there were high expectations for Hutchinson. He would catch just 18 passes over his 3 seasons, however, gaining 409 yards and 2 touchdowns.

Austin Corbett

The Cleveland Browns were criticized for drafting offensive lineman, Austin Corbett, with the first pick in the second round of the 2018 NFL Draft, and rightly so. In 22 games with the Browns, Corbett played just 15 offensive snaps before getting traded to the St. Louis Rams for a fifth-round draft pick in 2019. Making matters worse, the offensive line was one of Cleveland's biggest weaknesses, so wasting time on a failed player set back the line's development.

Cleveland Browns defensive end, Myles Garrett, hits Pittsburgh quarterback, Mason Rudolph (2), with his own helmet as David DeCastro (66) intervenes in a 2019 game. Garrett has tremendous talent but concerns about his demeanor are still unanswered.
Cleveland Browns defensive end, Myles Garrett, hits Pittsburgh quarterback, Mason Rudolph (2), with his own helmet as David DeCastro (66) intervenes in a 2019 game. Garrett has tremendous talent but concerns about his demeanor are still unanswered. | Source

Cleveland Browns Draft History

The Cleveland Browns didn't make too many draft mistakes from their debut in the NFL in 1950 through their final original season of 1995. But after the franchise relocated to Baltimore and returned as an expansion team in 1999, there have been numerous missteps. That includes three failed quarterbacks who were each taken with the No. 22 pick. The following table includes those players drafted by the Browns in the first round who did not find much—or any—success in the NFL.

First-Round Draft Busts Picked By The Cleveland Browns

Year
Player
Pick
Pos
Last Year
College/Univ
1952
Harry Agganis
12
QB
 
Boston Univ.
1954
John Bauer
12
T
1954
Illinois
1954
Bobby Garrett
1
QB
1954
Stanford
1955
Kurt Burris
13
C
 
Oklahoma
1962
Leroy Jackson
11
HB
1963
West. Illinois
1963
Tom Hutchinson
9
TE
1966
Kentucky
1973
Pete Adams
22
G
1976
USC
1973
Steve Holden
16
WR
1977
Arizona St.
1979
Willis Adams
20
WR
1985
Houston
1984
Don Rogers
18
DB
1985
UCLA
1987
Mike Junkin
5
LB
1989
Duke
1988
Clifford Charlton
21
LB
1989
Florida
1995
Craig Powell
30
LB
1998
Ohio St.
2000
Courtney Brown
1
DE
2005
Penn St.
2002
William Green
16
RB
2005
Boston Col.
2007
Brady Quinn
22
QB
2012
Notre Dame
2011
Phil Taylor
21
DT
2014
Baylor
2012
Brandon Weeden
22
QB
2018
Oklahoma St.
2014
Johnny Manziel
22
QB
2015
Texas A&M
2014
Justin Gilbert
8
DB
2016
Oklahoma St.
2016
Corey Coleman
15
WR
2018
Baylor

Works Cited

Associated Press (1973, January 31). "Skorich all smiles about top four." Chillicothe Gazette. pp. 23. Retrieved from Newspapers.com January 29, 2020.

Merron, J. (2005, April 15). "The List: Weird NFL draft moments." Retrieved from ESPN.com January 27, 2020.

Meyer, E. (1987, April 29). "Junkin Will Step Right In." Akron Beacon-Journal. pp. C1–C4. Retrieved from Newspapers.com January 23, 2020.

Meyer, E. (1989, April 24). "Schottenheimer Era is History." Akron Beacon-Journal. pp. C5. Retrieved from Newspapers.com January 23, 2020.

Sanchez, J. (2014, May 16). "Johnny Manziel vowed to 'wreck this league' in mid-draft text to Cleveland Browns." Retrieved from Sports Illustrated.com January 28, 2020.

Smith, M. (2002, April 21). "In rush to grab runner, Browns turn to Green." Boston Globe. pp. D18. Retrieved from Newspapers.com January 29, 2020.

Ulrich, N. (2012, April 27). "Browns go on offensive." Akron Beacon-Journal. pp. C1-C6. Retrieved from Newspapers.com February 1, 2020.

Withers, T. (2000, April 16). "Guesswork over: Brown No. 1 pick." Chillicothe Gazette. pp. B1. Retrieved from Newspapers.com January 28, 2020.

Withers, T. (2016, March 12). "Browns Release Manziel." Lancaster Eagle-Gazette. pp. 7A–8A. Retrieved from Newspapers.com January 23, 2020.

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