Finland's Drought-Breaking Qualification of Epic Proportions
In 1938, a Nordic nation began its first-ever qualifying campaign for a major tournament. It would be a while before that nation even won a qualifying match.
Over many decades, ice hockey, not soccer, was often regarded as the primary sport. Even with soccer gaining more attention in recent years, it was women's soccer, not men's soccer, that had often excelled, even with the men's team having its so-called golden generation during the early 2000s.
However, with two years, Finland achieved something most never thought would be possible. Where it was in 2016 was as low an ebb as any nation could be. Nevertheless, Finland began winning when it mattered, and on Nov. 15, 2019, history unfolded on home soil.
With a chance at history, Finland secured its ticket to Euro 2020 and its first major tournament. Impressive considering that in 2016, Finland failed to win a single game.
A Half-Century of Seeking Revelancy
Finland debuted at a qualifying tournament on June 16, 1937, at the now-demolished Rasunda Stadion in Stockholm, Sweden. That 1938 World Cup qualifier against Sweden was the first of 22 European World Cup qualifiers. Finland lost all four of its qualifiers and failed to score in any of those matches. The nation waited until Sept. 26, 1965, when it defeated Poland 2-0, to achieve its first World Cup qualifying victory.
Over a year later, Finland debuted in the European Championship qualifying. The Nordic nation recorded two opening draw at its home stadium, with Juhani Peltonen scoring Finland's first qualifying goal ever. It would not be until the late 1970s when Finland's had its first realistic chance at reaching a major tournament. Consecutive victories over Greece and Hungary at its Olympiastadion had Finland atop its qualifying group. In a rematch of its opening group match on Oct. 11, 1978, Finland had one of its worst games ever. Its 8-1 loss in Athens to Greece changed the outlook of the group. Though it opened with two qualifying losses, Greece ultimately qualified for its first major tournament, with Finland missing out on Euro 1980 by one point.
Nearly six years later, Finland seemed to also be in contention early during the 1986 FIFA World Cup qualifying campaign. Ari Valvee's lone goal gave Finland an upset victory against Northern Ireland on May 27, 1984. However, similar to 1978, Finland suffered another embarrassing away loss, doing so at London's Wembley Stadium on Oct. 17, 1984. Finland lost 5-0 away to England, and in the end, two points were what Finland missed out on qualification for the 1986 World Cup.
1978: The Nightmare in Athens
New Names Seeking Glory
Finland's 1990 World Cup qualification campaign saw the nation overmatched against two heavyweights in West Germany and the Netherlands. Nevertheless, it was a friendly one month before that final qualifier that saw what would be the first significant player of what would be Finland's "golden generation." The Oct. 11, 1989 friendly against Trinidad and Tobago marked the first of what would become a national record 137 caps for Jari Litmanen.
It was during the early 1990s where many of Finland's greatest players began their mark. In a friendly against Tunisia, defender Sami Hyppiä earned what would be the first of 105 caps for Finland. He is currently Finland's goalkeeper coach, and it was in this position where Antti Niemi was Finland's top goalkeeper. Paatelainen was one of Finland's goal-scoring players. While Paatelainen's seven goals led in its qualifying group during Euro 1996, Finland lost five matches, including a pair of losses to eventual participants Russia and Scotland.
In 1996, Finland had its coach the nation hoped to reach a major tournament. Finland hired Richard Møller Nielsen as its next manager. Just four years earlier, Nielsen guided his native Denmark to a championship at Euro 1996. The goal for Finland was to reach the 1998 World Cup, but that dream seemed in jeopardy after two opening losses. However, Finland managed a stunning draw against Norway. On Sept. 6, 1997, Litmanen opened the scoring in a vital match in Switzerland - a 2-1 victory in Lausanne ahead of its final match in qualifying.
All Finland needed to do was defeat Hungary to reach a playoff. Antti Sumiala's 63rd-minute goal had Finland on the precipice, only for an own goal in stoppage time to deny Finland a playoff berth. Nielsen stayed on to guide Finland during Euro 2000 qualifying. Mika-Matten Paatelainen scored the winning goal against Moldova to open up the qualifying campaign after Finland trailed 2-1. A month later, on Oct. 14, 1998, Paatelainen opened the scoring five minutes into what became an upset victory on the road - a 3-1 victory in Istanbul that saw Litmanen scored late in the match. However, Finland struggled in its next four qualifiers, including a scoreless draw in Moldova. In the end, a 4-1 victory against Northern Ireland would not be enough for Finland.
Nielsen left Finland to coach another place. His replacement hoped to achieve history, just as he did at the club level.
The Lost Opportunity for a Playoff
A Finn to Save the Day?
Having guided HJK Helsinki to Finland's top-flight division title in 1997, Antti Muurinen guided that Finnish club to the UEFA Championship League. Between 2000 and 2001, Muurinen also guided Finland to a historic regional triumph. That triumph was the final edition of the Nordic Football; Championship. Fielding domestic players, Finland won for the first time in a tournament where many games came in Spain. The notable game came on Aug. 16, 2000, when Litmanen's two goals, along with a late goal from Shefki Kuqi, gave Finland a 3-1 victory on home soil against Norway.
The results gave Muurinen confidence that Finland could contend in a qualifying group with Germany and England, as well as Greece and Albania. During this qualifying campaign, Finland even managed a 1-0 lead at Anfield in Liverpool before losing the match 2-1. Finland finished third in the qualifying group and was the only nation not to lose a home qualifier. The two draws against Germany would be why Finland was out. On June 2, 2001, Finland led 2-0 on a pair of goals from Mikael Forsell, but only managed a 2-2 draw. By the time the two nations met in Gelsenkirchen, Finland was out of qualifying. However, a scoreless draw allowed England to eventually qualify for the 2002 World Cup and consign Germany to a playoff.
The following campaigns did not have as many memorable events. Finland suffered four losses during Euro 2004 qualifying, including an opening home qualifying loss to Wales (its opponent having reached the playoffs that campaign). During the 2006 World Cup qualifying campaign, Finland won three of its first four qualifiers and Russian-born Alexei Eremenko scored in each of those qualifiers. Eremenko finished as top scorer in Finland's qualifying group, but the nation could not keep that momentum.
On Mar. 26, 2005, Finland traveled to Stadion Na Stinadlech in Teplice, Czech Republic, in a crucial qualifier. Finland trailed through the match but came back to tie 3-3. A point away seemed possible, but Finland allowed the winning goal and lost. In June 2005, fans protested Finland's lack of progress; after losing 4-0 to the Netherlands, Finland sacked Muurinen. Jyrki Heliskoski took over for the rest of the World Cup qualifying campaign, guiding Finland to a pair of victories over FYR Macedonia.
It was clear that Finland needed to go abroad for another Mr. Right
A Memorable Victory in 2001
Reaching the Apex, Only To Fail
His managerial career began in 1976, and his accolades included league titles in Denmark and Sweden. In addition, Roy Hodgson also guided Switzerland to the 1994 World Cup, the nation's first appearance in 28 years, and the United Arab Emirates to qualify for the 2004 Asian Cup.
In January 2006, Hodgson coached his first games for Finland. It was during qualifying for Euro 2008 where Finland achieved the results that helped the nation ascend to unprecedented heights. That positive start began on Sept. 2, 2006, when Litmanen scored twice in Finland's 3-1 road victory in the first major qualifying match contested in Bydgoszcz, Poland. Finland began qualifying unbeaten in its first five matches, including a 1-1 draw against Portugal. Ahead of a March 2007 road qualifier in Azerbaijan, Finland had its highest FIFA ranking ever at 33rd (it remains the nation's highest to date).
However, Finland suffered the shock loss throughout, losing 1-0 on an Emin Imamaliev goal in Baku. That defeat was the first of two straight qualifying losses, with the second coming at home to Serbia on June 2, 2007. Nevertheless, six days later, Finland revived its campaign with a 2-0 victory over Belgium in a match that proved famous for an owl that swooped inside Helsinki and delayed the qualifier for six minutes. However, three scoreless draws saw Finland in danger of missing out before the nation avenged its loss to Azerbaijan on Nov. 17, 2007. The result set up a must-win match against Portugal, but in the end Finland's lack of scoring cost dearly as its fourth scoreless draw allowed Portugal to qualify in Porto.
Hodgson left the post, and soon another Englishman took the reigns.
Similar to Paatelainen, Stuart Baxter guided upstart AIK to a Champions League berth. Before taking over Finland, Baxter guided Helsingborgs to the Round of 32 in the UEFA Cup. Once again, Finland had a qualifying campaign that included two draws against Germany. Similar to 2001, Finland' s first draw saw the nation allow a Miroslav Klose hat trick, with each goal tying the match. Perhaps its most stunning result came at home on Sept. 9, 2009 when Finland suffered a humiliating 1-1 home draw against Liechtenstein. That draw, along with two 3-0 losses to Russia, consigned Finland with another third-place finish in qualifying.
However, the 1-1 draw was not the notable result that Finland suffered under Baxter. On Sept. 3, 2010, Finland commenced its Euro 2012 qualifying campaign with what would be the first of six losses - the most notable being a 2-0 loss in Moldova.in which Hyppiä received a red card after 36 minutes. Finland matched its most lopsided victory against San Marino on Nov. 17, 2010, but half of its 16 goals during qualifying came in that match.
Baxter would not stay at the manager. Nor would many of the players that helped shape Finland's "golden generation."
The Turning Point at Baku
Denied an Upset in 2008
Origins Arise from The Youth
A former defender and a current teacher, Markku Kanerva was on HJK's squad during its run in the Champions League in 1998. Kanerva previously coached youth soccer, as he guided Finland's U-21 squad to the 2009 UEFA Championships. Despite losing all three games, many of those players represented Finland at the senior. Perhaps the most notable would be Finland's only teenager on the squad - Sevilla's Teemu Pukki. Kanerva's first caretaker stint lasted only two games - a 1-1 draw on Feb. 9, 2011, in Ghent, Belgium, and a 2-0 loss on Mar. 29, 2011, in Aveiro, Portugal.
Paatelainen took over as Finland's manager as Finland hoped to salvage its Euro 2012 qualifying campaign. Though it won, Finland did so only 1-0 against San Marino. Paatelainen ultimately stayed on for the next four years, including Finland's 2014 World Cup qualifiers in another five-team group that featured the respective former and reigning World Cup champions France and Spain. In a campaign where Finland finished third with only nine points (2 wins) and five goals, the notable result achieved came on Mar. 22, 2013. It was on this date that Pukki scoring the the tying goal against Spain in Gijon.
In the end, Kanerva took over for Paatelainen to finish Euro 2016 qualifying after another disappointing showing. The significant victory that happened involved a 1-0 road victory in Piraeus against former European champions Greece. Once again, Finland turned to more experience in its search for its first major tournament when in 2016 the nation hired Hans Backe to be the next manager. Backe had guided Aalborg and København to Danish Superliga and Danish Cup titles but last coached in 2012. That was during Backe's stint came with Major League Soccer's New York Red Bulls, where the club had the best record in the Eastern Conference in 2010.
Sinking Low Before the Opportunity
What unfolded in 2016 was something unseen in Finland as the nation suffered a calamitous year. When the original qualifying schedule came out, Finland was drawn in a five-team group and scheduled its first qualifier in October 2016. Before the qualification campaign commenced in Europe, 2016, FIFA admitted Kosovo as the 210th member and became the sixth team drawn in Group I.
Finland hosted Kosovo expecting to win the match in September 2016, but suffered a stunning result as it only managed a 1-1 draw. In the next qualifier, Finland traveled to Iceland and led 2-1 heading into stoppage time. Finland allowed two late goals and lost 3-2. In 2016, Finland lost nine of its 11 matches and failed to win a game. A 1-0 loss in Odesa, Ukraine proved to be Backe's final match for Finland before his termination.
Following that decision, Finland turned to Rive to guide the nation back to respect. In Kanerva's return as manager, Finland defeated Morocco to win its first game in over a year. Finland went winless in the next five matches, including a home loss to Ukraine to confirm Finland's elimination from World Cup qualifying with four games to play.
A month after that loss, Finland sunk to its lowest ranking ever at 110th.
Still, Finland finished strong in its qualifying campaign. On Sept. 2, 2017, Finland upset Iceland when Alexander Ring scored on a free-kick, which was his first international goal since 2013. Three days later, Pukki scored the 83rd-minute goal to defeat Kosovo on the road. New stars continued to emerge as well. In its penultimate qualifier, Finland scored a 1-1 draw in Croatia courtesy of Pyry Soiri's first-ever goal before finishing its qualification phase with a 2-2 draw in which Finland came back twice against Turkey.
Finland's victory against Iceland kicked off a period in which the nation lost only three games in 16 matches between September 2017 and November 2018. The most vital victories came between September and October 2018 as Finland was one beneficiary of a recently-established competition: the UEFA Nations League, where Finland played a home-and-away round-robin against Hungary, Greece, and Estonia. No player on the squad proved vital than Pukki; if his goal in Spain in 2013 announced his arrival, then Pukki's goals in Finland's first three qualifiers proved enough not only to win the games but make Pukki the undisputed star of the nation. Finland finished top of its group with four wins and two losses and was assured promotion to another league for the next UEFA Nations League in 2020.
When The Turnaround Came At Last
Finland was assured of at least a playoff if need when March 2020 arrived by their group win. However, its qualifying group saw Finland have a chance of finishing top two and automatic qualification to Euro 2020. Along with former champions Italy and Greece, Finland needed to face Bosnia-Herzegovina, Armenia, and Liechtenstein. As being considered a "hard winter venue," according to UEFA, Finland opened qualifying with two road matches. Though it lost 2-0 in Italy to open qualifying, Finland managed goals from Frederick Jensen and Soiri, which were enough to defeat Armenia.
The crucial qualifier came on June 8, 2009, in Tampere against Bosnia-Herzegovina, who were also seeking to reach their first European Championship. It would be this game where Pukki announced his presence during group play. Two goals in 12 minutes were enough to secure a valuable victory. Pukki's ten goals came in Finland's seven qualifiers. After scoring against Bosnia-Herzegovina, Pukki opened the scoring three days later in another 2-0 victory, this time away in Liechtenstein. Pukki's 52nd-minute penalty kick was the only goal of a home victory against Greece on Sept. 5, 2019.
Three days later, Pukki scored from the penalty spot in Italy to tie the match. However, Finland allowed Italy's Joginho to score a penalty kick minutes later, and Italy won 2-1. What seemed to be a possibility of qualification almost failed after a stunning result away in Zenica, Bosnia-Herzegovina. Two goals from Miralem Pjanic saw the hosts hand Finland a humbling 4-1 defeat on Oct. 12, 2019.
Pukki made sure Finland returned on track three days. Another two-goal performance in Turku gave Finland a 3-0 home victory; more importantly, Greece gave Finland a lifeline courtesy of an away own goal from Bosnia-Herzegovina's Adnan Kovacevic. That meant that Finland, with a victory over Liechtenstein, would qualify for Euro 2020.
The opportunity came in Helsinki's Töölön Jalkapallostadion (Finnish: Töölö Football Stadium, or commonly known today as Telia 5G -areena). With Finland clinging on to a 1-0 lead, Pukki's added yet two more again, and when the final whistle blew, all of Finland celebrated.
After eight decades of misery and heartbreaks, Finland celebrated its historic berth at Euro 2020.
Looking Ahead to Euro 2020
Finland finished its qualifying group with a 2-1 loss in Athens three days later. Pukki opened the scoring as he finished with 10 goals in qualifying, which put Pukki tied for third-most during Euro 2020 qualifying.
On Nov. 30, 2019, Finland learned its three opponents it would play at Euro 2020 as it partakes in its first major tournament with one of the tightest groups. A rivalry revived will start in Parken Stadium for the first time since 2011. Finland and Denmark will meet for the 60th time, as Finland seeks its first victory since Vesa-Parra Vasara scored both goals in La Manga, Spain - the 2-1 victory being the opening match of the 2000-01 Nordic Championship.
Then, two games await in Saint Petersburg's Krestovsky Stadium: Belgium and Russia also await Finland. Belgium, like Italy, had an exceptional qualifying campaign. As for Russia, Finland hopes for its first victory against Russia in over 100 years. Whatever comes of this group, Finland reaching Euro 2020 is already a milestone worthy of celebrations for generations to keep dreaming.
More About Finland
- Finland's time has finally come: the inside story of qualification for Euro 2020
They'd witnessed near-misses and years spent in the wilderness, but for Finland fans, few things will ever compare to qualification for Euro 2020
- Football defies the odds in Finland | Inside UEFA | UEFA.com
The game in Finland has developed to the point where it is the country's favourite sport.
- Finland - International A Matches
RSSSF is the premier source of archival information relating to soccer. This link provided all results of Finland's national team, including its Euro 2020 qualifiers that occurred in 2019.
Questions & Answers
© 2019 Antonio Martinez