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The country that invented, codified, and spread the most popular sport in the world surprisingly has only one World Cup victory. The year was 1966, and John Lennon famously proclaimed that the Beatles have become "more popular than Jesus." Several months later, it was England's national soccer team that were cause for celebration when they defeated Germany 4-2 for the Cup title. A combination of home field advantage, a determined coach who boldly predicted a win for England, and a mix of remarkable players made it all happen.
"We Will Win the World Cup"
Alf Ramsey formally took over as England’s manager in 1963 and immediately came out and declared, “We will win the World Cup.” Shaking things up, he insisted on complete control over squad selection instead of following previous protocols of picking players through a committee.
Ramsey had proven himself with Ipswich Town, a team he guided to 3rd Division winners in 1952-53, then to 2nd Division champs in 1960-61, and then to 1st Division titlists in 1961-62. That upward journey defied all expectations, and his magic touch would now be tested in shepherding the national team.
Ramsey’s first major decision was to name West Ham United’s Bobby Moore as captain. Only 23 years old, Moore was a standout defender. By the end of his career, he would be regarded as one of the greatest of all time in the back position. A member of England’s 1950 World Cup squad, Ramsey himself was a defender during his playing days with Southampton and Tottenham.
Alf Ramsey Experiments With a New Formation
Other players on the West Ham roster who joined Moore included midfielder Martin Peters and striker Geoff Hurst. Peters would make an impressive international debut in the warmup games leading up to the Cup, while Hurst would show a mediocre start and sit out the early matches. Ironically, Hurst would later walk away immortalized as the only player in FIFA history to perform a hat-trick in a Cup final.
Another forward selected was Liverpool’s Roger Hunt, who would play all of England’s six matches and score three times. Manchester United’s Bobby Charlton made his third appearance for England at the quadrennial event and was complemented by a 21-year-old Alan Ball from Blackpool. Pairing the veteran with the youngest and most energetic player on the team would help create synergies on the pitch. In goal was Gordon Banks, the first-choice keeper from Leicester City who would start in every game at the Cup.
4-3-1-2: The Wingless Wonders
Experimenting with different formations during the opening round of the group matches, Ramsey settled for a narrow midfield core and switched from a 4-3-3 geography to 4-3-1-2. His squad became known as “The Wingless Wonders.”
Only 16 teams competed for the trophy in 1966, half the number that went to the World Cup in 2018. After tying Uruguay 0-0 in the opening match, England dispatched Mexico 2-0 and France 2-0 to secure a berth at the knockout stage. Their face-off with Mexico saw Jimmy Greaves, a prolific scorer with Tottenham, get injured and sidelined for the next games. Making one of his consequential decisions, Ramsey chose Geoff Hurst to replace Greaves.
They Defeat Argentina in the Quarterfinal and Portugal in the Semifinal
At the quarterfinal, Hurst sent a header into the Argentine net for the only goal of the match. England won the game 1-0 after the opposing team’s captain, Antonio Rattin, was sent off the field on a harsh call. Ramsey publicly called the Argentines “animals” because of their violent play. After the match, he refused to let his players exchange shirts as was, and still is, customary.
Next in the semifinals, England faced Portugal and their star player, Eusebio, who was also the tournament’s leading scorer. England prevailed 2-1 with both goals scored by Bobby Charlton. Under pressure to let the recovered Greaves back in for the final match against Germany, Ramsey stuck with Hurst and effectively sealed England’s destiny.
The Final Match: England vs. Germany
Held at Wembley Stadium on July 30th, 1966, the final match between England and Germany was the last World Cup to be broadcast in black and white. With 98,000 fans in attendance, Germany’s Helmut Haller scored the first goal in the 12th minute of play. Minutes later, Geoff Hurst sent a header into the net and equalized the score. Play continued with no points until the second half of the match when Martin Peters placed a shot past the keeper to give England a 2-1 lead.
Hurst Scores the Only Hat-Trick Ever in a World Cup Final
Just as the game was approaching its final moments, Wolfgang Weber sent a free kick through a crowded penalty area and into the host’s net. The English protested a hand ball against the Germans, but officials ruled the tying point and the contention was launched into overtime with a 2-2 score. It was in that extra period that Hurst made history for himself and for his country.
After collecting a pass on the German side, the West Ham striker took a shot that hit the cross bar and then bounced down, seemingly behind the goal line. The point was awarded, but a debate would continue to rage, and the goal would remain embedded in World Cup lore. Then, after taking a long pass down the pitch with most of the German squad behind him, Hurst beat the goalie with a powerful shot and landed on the scoreboard for the third time.
England's World Cup Performance in the Years Since 1966
That year, England basked in soccer greatness but the island that launched the game in the 19th century would not raise another Jules Rimet trophy. Perhaps the nation's soccer moment resembled the success of its own Beatles, a once-in-a-lifetime combination that created magic.
More than 50 years on, England has only reached the World Cup semifinals twice: in 1990 when they lost to West Germany in penalty shoot-outs and in 2018 when they were taken down by Croatia 2-1. Meanwhile, Brazil has led the international competition with five championships, followed by Germany and Italy at four each.
Despite England's single championship standing, the Premier League remains the most-watched soccer league in the world, and the 1966 World Cup endures like the British empire—gone but not without its place in history.
© 2019 Gill Schor