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40 Greatest Players in Major League Baseball History

Kelley has been a fan of Major League Baseball since the 1960s, and his favorite team is the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Babe Ruth

Babe Ruth

This list is written mostly in chronological order—according to the dates of players’ careers—since it’s not the intent of the author to crown MLB’s greatest player—and it only includes retired players. No statistics for post-season play are included in the totals, either. Also, most players included have been inducted into Baseball’s Hall of Fame, though not all.

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Cy Young

Cy Young

1. Cy Young (1890 to 1911)

Won and Loss Record: 511 - 315

ERA: 2.63

No-hitters: 3

Complete Games: 749

Nickname: Cy, short for cyclone

Most baseball fans know that MLB’s Cy Young Award is named after Cy Young, the pitcher with the most lifetime victories (511) in MLB history. Of course, Young pitched during a time when starting pitchers often pitched complete games, even during both games of a doubleheader; some pitched more than 300 or 400 innings per season as well. Famously, Young threw so hard the ball put holes in fences, making them look as if they’d been hit by a cyclone. Notably, in 1903, during MLB’s first World Series, Young, pitching for the Boston Red Sox, threw the series’ first pitch; he also threw the first perfect game in American League history in 1904; and during that same year he pitched 25.1 innings without allowing a hit, still a MLB record.

Honus Wagner

Honus Wagner

2. Honus Wagner (1897 – 1917)

Batting average: .329

Hits: 3,420

Stolen bases: 722

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RBIs: 1,732

Nickname: The Flying Dutchman

One of the greatest hitting infielders ever, Honus Wagner, playing for the Pittsburgh Pirates, was an eight-time National League batting champion, a career record only matched by Tony Gwynn in 1997. Wagner played all infield positions and right field too. In 1900, maybe Wagner’s greatest season, he hit .381 (his highest seasonal average) with an OPS of 1.007, and hit 45 doubles, 22 triples and knocked in 100 runs (he knocked in 100 or more runs eight times). Famously, Wagner said, “I don’t make speeches; I just let my bat speak for me in the summertime.”

Christy Mathewson

Christy Mathewson

3. Christy Mathewson (1900 - 1916)

Won and Loss Record: 373 - 188

ERA: 2.13

Complete Games: 435

Shutouts: 79

Nickname: Big Six and the Gentleman’s Hurler

Christy Mathewson may have been the first MLB pitcher to throw a so-called fadeaway or screwball, which breaks in the opposite direction of a conventional curve ball. Mathewson played most of his 17 seasons with the New York Giants of the NL and helped the Giants win the World Series in 1905, when he threw three shutouts against the Philadelphia Athletics. In his career, he hurled two no-hitters and struck out 2,507 batters. In 1908, his greatest year, his record was 37 and 11 with an ERA of 1.42 and pitched 390.2 innings, highlighted by a WHIP of 0.827, which is sensational! And, in 1936, Mathewson was one of the first players inducted into Baseball’s Hall of Fame.

Walter Johnson

Walter Johnson

4. Walter Johnson (1907 – 1927)

Won and Loss Record: 417 – 279

Strikeouts: 3,508

Shutouts: 110

Complete games: 531

Nickname: The Big Train

Walter Johnson is another starting pitcher with many incredible records that almost certainly will never be broken—unless robots start playing in MLB! He’s the only pitcher in MLB history to win over 400 games and strike out over 3,500 batters. His lifetime ERA is 2.17, even though he pitched over 5,900 innings, and he won over 20 games 12 times. His greatest season was 1913, when he won 36 games with 7 loses, pitched 346 innings, had an ERA of 1.14, and threw 11 shutouts. Notably, he won two MVP awards—and don’t forget his 34 saves! Astonishingly, Johnson pitched for seven years while throwing only a side-armed fastball, until he finally developed a curveball. On the down side, he lost 65 games because his team failed to score a run. And he was a good hitter, batting .433 in 1925.

Ty Cobb

Ty Cobb

5. Ty Cobb (1905 – 1928)

Hits: 4,191 hits

Batting average: .366 or .367

Runs scored: 2,246

Stolen bases: 892

Nickname: The Georgia Peach

Ty Cobb may not have had the best behavior of any MLB player. Pugnacious and profane, he once climbed into the stands and attacked a heckler—who was handicapped! But Cobb sure knew how to hit the ball, compiling a list of hitting records few MLB players can approach. He wasn’t just a contact hitter, either; he could hit home runs and knocked in 1,944 runs during a 24-year career. Cobb established 90 MLB records during his long career, one of which will probably never be broken—a lifetime batting average of .366! Notably, Cobb played 22 seasons for the Detroit Tigers, the last six of which as a player-manager. And often considered a racist, after Cobb’s career, he favored the integration of MLB in 1947, and his favorite black player was Willie Mays.

Grover Cleveland Alexander

Grover Cleveland Alexander

6. Grover Cleveland Alexander (1911 – 1930)

Won and Loss Record: 373 – 208

ERA: 2.56

Shutouts: 90

Complete Games: 430

Nickname: Old Pete

Grover Cleveland Alexander was great from the get-go: his rookie year in MLB he won 28 games (a rookie record), pitched 31 complete games and racked up 367 innings pitched. A right-handed workhorse for sure, Old Pete pitched in over 40 games per season eight times. In 1929, his greatest season, his record was 33 and 12 with a 1.55 ERA and pitched an incredible 389 innings! Unfortunately, Alexander’s life was plagued by misfortune and bad choices: while fighting during WWI, he was hit by a mustard gas attack, thereby suffering from epilepsy the rest of his life; and throughout his days he struggled with alcoholism. Notably, Alexander won the most games by any MLB pitcher who never threw a ho-hitter.

Babe Ruth

Babe Ruth

7. Babe Ruth (1914 – 1935)

Home runs: 714

RBIs: 2,213

Slugging percentage: .690

On-base plus slugging (OPS): 1.164

Nicknames: The Bambino and The Sultan of Swat

Often considered the greatest baseball player of all time because Babe Ruth could not only hit—he could pitch too! But his greatest baseball achievements pertain to his prowess as a slugging outfielder. Although his record for career home runs (714) has been surpassed by two players, his records for lifetime OPS, OPS+ (OPS adjusted for average) and slugging percentage, still stand. As for the Babe’s pitching, he won 94 games and won over 20 games in a season twice, with a career ERA of 2.28. Interestingly, since Babe Ruth began hitting an unusual number of home runs during the so-called dead-ball era, hitting 29 in 1919, the year 1920 initiated the present live-ball era. Certainly one of baseball’s most memorable characters, the name of Babe Ruth is synonymous with MLB.

Rogers Hornsby

Rogers Hornsby

8. Rogers Hornsby (1915 – 1937)

Batting average: .358

Hits: 2,930

MVP Awards: 2

RBIs: 1,584

Nickname: The Rajah

One of the greatest power-hitting infielders of all time, Rogers Hornsby's hitting records are legendary. His lifetime batting average of .358 is second only to that of Ty Cobb’s .366; he won two Triple Crowns and batted over .400 three times; and he won seven batting titles. Moreover, in 1922, he hit over 40 home runs and batted over .400, which no other hitter has ever done. Perhaps Hornsby’s greatest season, 1924, he batted .424—the highest live-ball era seasonal batting average ever; he also had an OPS of 1.203 and an OPS+ of 222. Notably, Hornsby, one of the fastest men in baseball in 1927, had 30 inside-the-park homers. Incidentally, Hornsby was a straight-laced guy who didn’t smoke, drink or go to the movies—but he did like to bet on the horses.

Lou Gehrig

Lou Gehrig

9. Lou Gehrig (1923 – 1939)

Batting average: .340

Home runs: 493

MVP Awards: 2

RBIs: 1,995

Nickname: The Iron Horse

The end of Lou Gehrig’s career is one of the saddest stories in the history of MLB. At the age of 36 he contracted Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, an incurable disease and had to retire, ending his streak of 2,130 consecutive games, a record that stood for 56 years until broken in 1995. Tragically, Gehrig died two years later. Gehrig’s MLB career records are very impressive: an OPS of 1.080, one-time Triple Crown winner (1934), 23 grand slams and 13 times he knocked in over 100 runs per season; in fact, in 1931 he knocked in 184, second on the all-time list behind Hack Wilson’s 191. Astonishingly, during Gehrig’s streak of consecutive games played, he was hit in the head twice by pitched balls and sustained several fractures over the years, yet kept playing through every injury!

Joe DiMaggio (left)

Joe DiMaggio (left)

10. Joe DiMaggio (1936 to 1942) and (1946 to 1951)

Batting average: .325

OPS: .977

Home runs: 361

MVP Awards: 3

Nickname: Joltin’ Joe and the Yankee Clipper

Even though DiMaggio missed three seasons because of military service during WWII, his career stats are worthy of note. For nine seasons, DiMaggio, playing all of his MLB games for the New York Yankees, knocked in over 100 runs per season 9 times, compiling a career total of 1,537. Then in 1937 he knocked in 167 (a dream total for current players); and he was selected for the All-Star Game all 13 seasons he played. Certainly DiMaggio’s greatest claim to fame happened in 1941, when he got a hit in 56 straight games, a record that still stands and, most baseball experts think, will never be broken. And, famously, he was married for nine months to actress Marilyn Monroe!

Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson

11. Jackie Robinson (1947 to 1956)

Batting average: .311

MVP Awards: 1

Home runs: 137

Stolen bases: 197

In April 1947, Jackie Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers and thereby broke the so-called Color Barrier in MLB. African Americans hadn’t played in MLB since the late 1880s, having been phased out, as it were, by a gentleman’s agreement of team owners. An infielder and outfielder, Robinson quickly proved he belonged in the Majors by winning the new Rookie of the Year Award in 1947, a year in which he batted .297, scored 125 runs and stole 29 bases. Then Robinson won the Most Valuable Player Award in 1949, batting .342 with 124 RBIs, 122 runs scored, stole 37 bases and achieved an OPS of .960. Notably, Robinson played in six World Series, all of which against the New York Yankees, finally helping the Dodgers win their first World Series in 1955.

Roy Campanella

Roy Campanella

12. Roy Campanella (1948 – 1957)

MVP Awards: 3

Home runs: 242

All-Star games: 8

Batting average: .276

Nickname: Campy

There aren’t many catchers who are also sluggers, but Roy Campanella was one of those. In 1953, one of his MVP winning seasons, he hit 41 home runs, knocked in 142 runs (a franchise record), batted .312, scored 103 runs and had an OPS of 1.006. Also a fine defensive catcher, Campanella threw out 57 per cent of the runners who tried to steal a base on him, a record for MLB catchers. Interestingly, entering MLB in 1948, Campanella was one of MLB’s first black players. Sadly, though, Campanella was paralyzed in an automobile accident in January 1958 and never played baseball again. Nevertheless, he stayed active in the Dodgers’ organization and appeared on TV a few times.

Ted Williams

Ted Williams

13. Ted Williams (1939 – 1960)

On-base percentage: .482

OPS: 1.116

Batting average: .344

Home runs: 521

Nicknames: The Splendid Splinter, Teddy Ballgame and The Kid

Often considered the greatest left-handed hitter of all time—even though he lost over three years for military service—perhaps Williams’ greatest hitting achievement is batting .406 in 1941, the last time any MLB hitter has batted over .400 for a season. Williams was also selected to the All-Star team 19 times was a two-time winner of the American League’s MVP Award; he also hit for the Triple Crown two times. His lifetime on-base-percentage of .482 is a record that’s still unbroken. Notably, Williams’ goal was for people to point at him and say, “There goes Ted Williams, the greatest hitter who ever lived.” And, incidentally, Williams nearly always took the first pitch.

Stan Musial

Stan Musial

14. Stan Musial (1941 – 1963)

Batting average: .331

Hits: 3,630

RBIs: 1,951

MVP Awards: 3

Nickname: Stan the Man

Certainly one of MLB’s greatest all-around hitters, Stan Musial played 22 seasons for the St. Louis Cardinals, helping them win three World Series in the 1940s and was selected to the All-Star team 24 times, an MLB record at the time. Musial achieved numerous National League or MLB career records—runs (1,949), at bats (10,972) and total bases (6,134)—though all were subsequently eclipsed by great players such as Hank Aaron, Willie Mays and Barry Bonds. In 1948, perhaps Musial’s best season, he batted .376 with an OPS of 1.152 and an OPS+ of 200. Interestingly, Musial was never ejected from a game and liked playing the harmonica.

Yogi Berra

Yogi Berra

15. Yogi Berra (1946 – 1963, 1965)

Home runs: 358

MVP Awards: 3

RBIs: 1,430

Shutouts caught: 173

Yogi Berra played on some of the best New York Yankee teams ever, appearing in 18 World Series, winning 13, as a player, coach or manager. Short of stature, Berra was nevertheless a power hitter and great defensive catcher. Perhaps Berra’s greatest year was 1954, when he won the MVP Award, while batting .307, with 22 homers and 125 RBIs. He batted .285 for a 19-year career, not bad for a catcher. Notably, he was the catcher in Don Larsen’s perfect game in the 1956 World Series. Berra was also known for his malapropisms: “A nickel ain’t worth a dime anymore,” and “Always go to other people’s funerals, otherwise they won’t come to yours.” Yogi was a pleasant guy too; announcer Joe Garagiola Sr. said if everyone was like Yogi, there’d be no wars.

Sandy Koufax

Sandy Koufax

16. Sandy Koufax (1955 – 1966)

No-hitters: 4

Cy Young Awards: 3

Strikeouts: 2,396

Shutouts: 40

Often considered one of the greatest left-handed pitchers of all time, Sandy Koufax, even though he had a relatively short career of only 12 seasons, compiled some excellent achievements. He pitched 40 shutouts, 137 complete games and won pitching’s Triple Crown three times—1963, 1965 and 1966. Perhaps his greatest season was 1963, when he won both the Cy Young Award and the MVP Award, his record 25 and 5 with an ERA of 1.88. Keep in mind that one of his four no-hitters was a perfect game; also keep in mind that he was a two-pitch pitcher—a fastball and a curve ball, but both were often unhittable. Sadly, Koufax’s career ended at the age of 30 because of an elbow injury that probably required Tommy John surgery but, unfortunately, it hadn’t been invented yet!

Mickey Mantle

Mickey Mantle

17. Mickey Mantle (1951 – 1968)

Home runs: 536

MVP Awards: 3

OPS: .977

RBIs: 1,509

Nicknames: The Mick

Often regarded as the greatest switch hitter of all time, Mickey Mantle had a superb combination of hitting for average, awesome power, defense and base stealing prowess. In 1956, Mantle had one of the greatest seasons for any hitter in MLB history, as he won the coveted Triple Crown, with 52 home runs, 130 RBIs, a batting average of .353, in addition to an OPS of 1.169 and an OPS+ of 210. Notably, Mantle hit over .300 ten times and also played in 12 World Series, all of which with the New York Yankees, winning seven championships and hitting 18 homers, the last of which an MLB record. Astonishingly, as a 19-year-old rookie, Mantle injured his knee by tearing the anterior cruciate ligament, which was never repaired properly, yet he still had a stellar career!

Warren Spahn

Warren Spahn

18. Warren Spahn (1942 to 1965)

Won and Loss Record: 363 and 245

Complete Games: 382

Shutouts: 63

ERA: 3.09

Nickname: Hooks (because of his hook-shaped nose)

Warren Spahn had a 21-year MLB career, even though he lost three years because of military service in WWII. Spahn spent most of his career as a starting pitcher for the Boston Braves, which became the Milwaukee Braves. He never suffered a major injury and almost always pitched well, and because of these factors, won over 20 games in each of 13 seasons! In 1957, Spahn won the Cy Young Award, compiling a record of 21 and 11, with 18 complete games and an ERA of 2.69. He also appeared in 14 All-Star games and pitched two no-hitters. Notably, he helped the Milwaukee Braves win the World Series in 1957. Spahn, a left-handed pitcher, was known for his long windup and high leg kick, with which he could keep an eye on runners at first base, thereby avoiding stolen bases.

Willie Mays

Willie Mays

19. Willie Mays (1951 – 1973)

Home runs: 660

MVP Awards: 2

RBIs: 1,903

Batting average: .302

Nickname: The Say Hey Kid

Often considered the greatest five-tool player of all time—if not the greatest offensive player of all time—Willie Mays was third on the all-time home run list when he retired, having hit 660 homers and had eight 100-RBI seasons in a row. Mays also played sensational defense, winning 12 Gold Glove Awards and had tremendous speed, swiping 338 bases. Notably, Mays was selected to the All-Star team 24 times. Mays played in the Negro leagues until he was signed by the New York Giants for $4,000, not bad money in 1951. Notably, Mays lost nearly two entire seasons for military service during the Korean War. One may wonder what his career totals would have been without playing ball for the US Army!

Hank Aaron

Hank Aaron

20. Hank Aaron (1954 – 1976)

Home runs: 755

Hits: 3,771

RBIs: 2,297

Total bases: 6,866

Nickname: Hammerin’ Hank

Perhaps Hank Aaron’s greatest achievement was breaking Babe Ruth’s career home run record of 714 by hitting 755. In order to break one of MLB’s most hallowed records, Aaron hit 30 or more home runs for 15 seasons! Of course, only Barry Bonds has more career homers (762). But Aaron has other career records that may never be broken: 2,297 RBIs, 1,477 extra base hits and 6,856 total bases. Aaron also has the record for times selected to the All-Star team: 25. Interestingly, Aaron began his MLB career at the age of 20 in 1954; but when 15 in 1949 he tried out for the Brooklyn Dodgers yet, unbelievably—didn’t make the team. Just imagine what his career records would have been if he had become a Dodger five years earlier!

Ernie Banks

Ernie Banks

21. Ernie Banks (1953 to 1971)

Home runs: 512

RBIs: 1,636

Hits: 2,583

MVP Awards: 2

Nickname: Mr. Cub or Mr. Sunshine

The Chicago Cubs first black player, Ernie Banks played shortstop, later moving to left field and then first base. Banks soon established himself as one of the best power hitters in MLB; he was selected to the All-Star team 14 times and twice won the Most Valuable Player Award (1958 and 1959). In 1958, Banks' greatest season, he batted .313, hit 47 home runs, knocked in 129 runs and attained an OPS of .980; and in 1959 he knocked in a whopping 143 runs with 42 homers. A durable player for 19 seasons, Banks played more than a hundred games per season for 16 straight years. In 1977, Banks was elected into Baseball’s Hall of Fame. At the induction ceremony, he said, “We've got the setting—sunshine, fresh air, the team behind us. So let's play two!" (The latter line was his most famous.)

Bob Gibson

Bob Gibson

22. Bob Gibson (1959 to 1975)

Won and Loss Record: 251 – 174

Cy Young Awards: 2

Shutouts: 56

ERA: 2.91

Nicknames: Gibby and Hoot (a reference to western film actor Hoot Gibson)

Because Gibson threw very hard and had a surly disposition even with his teammates, he was one of the most formidable and imposing starting pitchers in MLB history. Over a 17-year career, Gibson fanned 3,117 batters, hitting 102 batters with pitches. Gibson’s greatest season was 1968, which came to be known as the Year of the Pitcher: his record was 22 and 9 with a 1.12 ERA (an MLB record); he threw 13 shutouts and 28 complete games; he also won both the Cy Young and MVP Awards! Astonishingly, that same year, Denny McLain of the Detroit Tigers also won the MVP and Cy Young Awards! Gibson was also a phenomenal pitcher in three World Series (1964, 1967, 1968), his record 7 and 2 with an ERA of 1.89, pitching eight complete games, two of which shutouts.

Frank Robinson

Frank Robinson

23. Frank Robinson (1956 – 1976)

Home runs: 586

RBIs: 1,812

Hits: 2,943

MVP Awards: 2

OPS: .926

Frank Robinson became a hitting sensation his first season in MLB. Playing the outfield for the Cincinnati Reds, Robinson won the Rookie of the Year Award, hitting 38 homers and scoring 122 runs. Then, in 1961, Robinson won the MVP Award, hitting 37 homers, knocked in 124 runs and batted .323. While playing for the Baltimore Orioles in 1966, Robinson won another MVP Award, becoming the only player in MLB history to win MVPs in each league. He also hit for MLB’s Triple Crown that season, with 49 homers, 122 RBIs and batted .316, all of which highlighted by an OPS of 1.047. Notably, Robinson was elected to the All-Star team 14 times. And, after Robinson’s playing career, he became MLB’s first black manager, compiling a managerial record of 1,065 wins and 1,176 losses.

Tom Seaver

Tom Seaver

24. Tom Seaver (1967 to 1986)

Won and Loss Record: 311 - 205

ERA: 2.86

Complete Games: 231

Shutouts: 61

Nickname: Tom Terrific and the Franchise

Tom Seaver showed great promise early by winning the Rookie of the Year Award in 1967, when he posted a record of 16 and 13 and was selected for the NL All-Star Game. Then for a total of 20 seasons, Seaver, pitching mostly for the New York Mets, compiled very impressive stats: Seaver won three Cy Young Awards and was selected for the All-Star team 12 times. He helped the “Amazing Mets” win the World Series in 1969 and threw a no-hitter in 1978. Finally, Tom Seaver and Walter Johnson are the only pitchers to win over 300 games, strike out over 3,000 batters and have a career ERA under 3.00. Well, with a nickname like Tom Terrific, what else would he do?

Pete Rose

Pete Rose

25. Pete Rose (1963 – 1986)

Hits: 4,256

Batting average: .303

Batting titles: 3

RBIs: 1,314

Nickname: Charlie Hustle

Another marathon man in the annals of MLB, Pete Rose may not have impressed all the time but his list of career records compiled over 23 seasons is spectacular. All MLB records, Rose played in 3,562 games with 15,890 put-outs, 14,063 at-bats, 3,215 singles, 10,328 outs and, of course, 4,256 hits, breaking Ty Cobb’s record, which many people thought would never be broken. Rose was also elected to 17 All-Star teams and was a major star for the so-called Big Red Machine in the 1970s; and Rose managed the Cincinnati Reds from 1984 to 1989. Unfortunately, Rose is another player with a checkered past; he has been banned from Baseball’s Hall of Fame for betting on games in which he managed.

Nolan Ryan

Nolan Ryan

26. Nolan Ryan (1966 to 1993)

Won and Loss Record: 324 – 292

No-hitters: 7

Strikeouts: 5,714

Batting average against: .204

Nickname: The Ryan Express

Nolan Ryan had a 27-year career, starting at age 19 and ending at 46, and he played in four different decades, just one year shy of five decades, retiring in 1999. His pitching records are very impressive, though he never won a Cy Young Award or threw a perfect game, and he won over 20 games in a season only twice. Nevertheless, even when well into his forties, he still consistently threw the baseball over 100 mph and also had a devastating 12–6 curveball. Perhaps his great dominance can be expressed by this stat: he threw 7 no-hitters, 12 one-hitters and 18 two-hitters. And his only flaw was a lack of control; he walked 2,795 batters, an MLB record.

George Brett

George Brett

27. George Brett (1973 to 1993)

Hits: 3,154

Batting average: .305

Home runs: 317

RBIs: 1,596

George Brett had the ability to hit for a high average and for power. Brett and three other players—Hank Aaron, Willie Mays and Stan Musial—are the only batters to slug over 300 home runs, swat over 3,000 hits and bat over .300 for a career. Brett also won three batting titles—in 1976, 1980 and 1990—the only MLB player to win a batting title in three different decades! Playing all of his 21 seasons with the Kansas City Royals—and helping them win the World Series in 1985—Brett’s greatest year was 1980 when he batted .390, hit 24 home runs, knocked in 118 runs and compiled an orbital OPS of 1.118. Oh, and he also won the AL MVP Award that year!

Tony Gwynn

Tony Gwynn

28. Tony Gwynn (1982 to 2001)

Batting average: 338

Runs scored: 1,383

Hits: 3,141

Stolen bases: 319

Nickname: Mr. Padre

Left-handed hitting outfielder Tony Gwynn was considered one of the most consistent hitters ever; he could hit the ball to all fields, essentially hitting it wherever it was pitched. He won eight NL batting titles and never hit below .309 for a season in his 20-year career. Playing all of his games with the San Diego Padres, Gwynn was a 15-time All Star; and he won 7 Silver Slugger Awards and 5 Gold Glove Awards. Notably, in 1994, during a strike-shortened season, Gwynn hit .394; and at the ancient age of 37 in 1997, he stroked 220 hits and achieved a batting average of .372! Then, in 2007, Tony Gwynn was inducted into Baseball’s Hall of Fame.

Cal Ripken Jr.

Cal Ripken Jr.

29. Cal Ripken Jr. (1981 – 2001)

Consecutive games played: 2,632

Home runs: 431

Hits: 3,184

RBIs: 1,695

Nickname: The Iron Man

Cal Ripken could play some ball—and then some! On September 6, 1995 he broke one of baseball’s seemingly unbreakable achievements: Lou Gehrig’s record of playing in 2,130 consecutive games, often considered one of baseball’s most memorable moments. Ripken is also considered one of MLB’s greatest hitting shortstops; while playing at that position he whacked 345 home runs and won eight Silver Slugger Awards. Also considered a great defensive shortstop and third baseman, he won two Gold Glove Awards. Ripken also won the AL MVP Award in 1983 and 1991; and he was selected to the AL All-Star team 19 times. Notably, since Ripken’s retirement, he has purchased three minor league baseball teams.

Rod Carew

Rod Carew

30. Rod Carew (1967 – 1985)

Hits: 3,053

Batting average: .328

RBIs: 1,015

Batting titles: 7

All-Star games: 18

Growing up in Gatún, Panama, Carew began playing baseball so he could get away from his abusive, alcoholic father. Playing second base for the Minnesota Twins, Carew impressed very quickly, winning the 1967 AL Rookie of Year Award. Over the following seasons, Carew excelled at becoming one MLB’s greatest contact hitters. In 1977, Carew won the AL MVP Award, batting .388, with 239 hits, 100 RBIs, 128 runs scored and an OPS of 1.019. That year Time magazine crowned him as “Baseball’s Best Hitter.” Carew was also a great base runner, stealing 353 bases during his career, including seven steals of home in 1969, one short of tying Ty Cobb’s record of eight for a season. Notably, Carew stole home 17 times in his career, but many short of Ty Cobb’s career total of 54!

Mike Schmidt

Mike Schmidt

31. Mike Schmidt (1972 to 1989)

Home runs: 548

MVP Awards: 3

Gold Glove Awards: 10

RBIs: 1,595

OPS: .908

Mike Schmidt is the greatest slugging third baseman of all time—and his defense was excellent as well. Schmidt led the National League in homers eight times, won six Silver Slugger Awards and bested the NL in RBIs four times. Schmidt also made the All-Star team 12 times and helped the Philadelphia Phillies—for whom he played all of his 18 seasons—win the World Series in 1980. He also won three MVP Awards, more than any other third baseman. The strike-shorted 1981 season was perhaps Schmidt’s best, as he led the league in home runs, runs scored, RBIs, total bases and walks. Showered with accolades for his great career, Schmidt was inducted into Baseball’s Hall of Fame in 1995, and a statue of him was erected at Citizens Bank Park in 2004.

Ricky Henderson

Ricky Henderson

32. Ricky Henderson (1979 – 2003)

Hits: 3,055

Stolen bases: 1,406

Runs: 2,295

Home runs: 297

Nickname: The Man of Steal

Comprising a spectacular combination of speed, onbase percentage and power, Ricky Henderson is often called the greatest leadoff hitter of all time. At any rate, he’s the greatest base stealer ever, having swiped 1,406, way more than Lou Brock’s record of 938. Playing in MLB for 25 seasons, Henderson has other impressive career records: 2,295 runs and, not surprisingly, 335 times caught stealing; and he had 2,190 walks, including seven seasons with more than 100. Henderson also won an MVP Award in 1990. Notably, he was one of only a few position players to bat right handed while throwing left handed, and has been the most successful one to do so. Henderson was also one of baseball’s most eccentric characters and often compared to Yogi Berra.

Johnny Bench

Johnny Bench

33. Johnny Bench (1967 – 1983)

Home runs: 389

MVP awards: 2

RBIs: 1,376

Hits: 2,048

Grand slams: 10

Perhaps the greatest all-around catcher in MLB history, Johnny Bench played his entire 17-year career with the Cincinnati Reds, making the All-Star team 14 times. In the middle 1970s the Reds were nicknamed “The Big Red Machine,” because they had a lineup stacked with great hitters—including Bench, of course. Bench had his greatest season in 1970, when he hit 45 home runs and knocked in 148 runs, thereby capturing the NL MVP Award; and in 1972 he won his second such award, hitting 40 homers with 125 ribbies. Bench was also a defensive standout, winning 10 Gold Glove Awards and three times led the NL in caught stealing percentage.

Famously, in 1968, Bench wanted to convince pitcher Jim Maloney that he had lost pop on his fastball. So, during one game when Bench had Maloney throw a fastball, he then dropped his catcher’s mitt and caught the pitch barehanded. Nevertheless, Jim Maloney, using a diminished fastball or not, the following season threw a no-hitter against the Houston Astros—with Johnny Bench catching!

Roger Clemens

Roger Clemens

34. Roger Clemens (1984 – 2007)

Won and Loss Record: 354 - 184

Cy Young Awards: 7

Strikeouts: 4,672

MVP Award: 1

Nickname: The Rocket

Roger Clemens has been a controversial figure in MLB. He was one of the most intimidating starting pitchers in MLB history—twice striking out 20 batters in a game. He threw an upper 90s mph fastball and a hard-breaking slider and splitter; he also often hit batters and had a surly, combative attitude. Moreover, he became enmeshed in the anabolic steroids scandal of the 2000s, but it was never proven he’d ever taken such drugs. Be that as it may, Clemens pitching records are off-the-charts awesome: seven Cy Young Awards; 118 complete games; 46 shutouts; won 20 or more games six times; and he’s the only pitcher in MLB history to win more than 350 games and strike out over 4,500 batters.

Barry Bonds

Barry Bonds

35. Barry Bonds (1986 – 2007)

Home runs: 762

MVP awards: 7

Walks: 2,558

Batting average: .298

Barry Bonds was certainly one of the greatest power hitters of all time, his prowess at such positively Ruthian, Maysian or was it Bondsian? Anyway, Bonds put up some mind-boggling career totals: an OPS of 1.051, 1,996 RBIs, 2,227 runs scored and won 12 Silver Slugger awards. Also a great defensive player—though his arm wasn’t the best—he won eight Gold Glove awards. Showing an outstanding combination of power and speed, Bonds is the only MLB player to hit over 500 home runs and steal over 500 bases. Perhaps his greatest season was 2001, when he hit 73 homers, knocked in 137, achieved an OPS of 1.379 and walked 177 times. Although his reputation was marred by his inclusion in the steroids scandal, Barry Bonds has little if anything to prove in MLB.

Greg Maddux

Greg Maddux

36. Greg Maddux (1986 – 2008)

Won and Loss Record: 355 - 227

ERA: 3.16

Strikeouts: 3,371

Cy Young Awards: 4

Greg Maddux has been called the smartest pitcher ever; and he’s also been called the greatest control pitcher of all time. Not possessing a great fastball, he won with placement of the ball, finesse and gamesmanship. From 1992 to 1995, Maddux won four straight Cy Young Awards, the first pitcher ever to do so. Maddux is also the only pitcher to win at least 15 games for 17 straight seasons. Maddux had tremendous defense as well, winning 18 Gold Glove Awards, more than any other MLB pitcher; he also won 20 games twice and 19 games four times. Interestingly, after giving up a grand slam to Will Clark in the 1989 NLCS, Maddux said he thought Clark had read his lips when he talked to manager Don Zimmer while on the mound, so thereafter Maddux always covered his mouth with his glove in similar private conversations.

Randy Johnson

Randy Johnson

37. Randy Johnson (1988 – 2009)

Won and Loss Record: 303 - 166

Strikeouts: 4,875

Cy Young Awards: 5

ERA: 3.29

Nickname: The Big Unit

A hard-throwing southpaw who could regularly throw a baseball 100 mph—and also happened to be the tallest player in MLB history at 6 foot 10 inches—Randy Johnson was one of MLB’s most formidable pitchers. No wonder he struck out 4,875 batters, second only to Nolan Ryan on the all-time list! Johnson also threw a no-hitter in 1990 and a perfect game in 2004—at the age of 40, the oldest pitcher ever to do so. He also threw 100 complete games and 37 shutouts and won five Cy Young Awards, behind only Roger Clemens who won seven. He won the pitching’s Triple Crown in 2002, when his record was 24 and 5 with 334 strikeouts. Interestingly, in 1992, Johnson had trouble with his control until pitcher Nolan Ryan helped fine-tune Johnson’s delivery.

Ken Griffey Jr.

Ken Griffey Jr.

38. Ken Griffey Jr. (1989 – 2010)

Home runs: 630

Hits: 2,781

RBIs: 1,836

Batting average: .284

Nickname: The Kid

Son of Ken Griffey Sr., another fine baseball player, Ken Griffey Jr. began his MLB career at 19, impressing everyone with his great all-around baseball ability. Over his 22-year career, Griffey Jr. won an MVP Award in 1997, hitting 56 homers and an OPS of 1.028; he also won seven Silver Slugger Awards and 10 Gold Gloves and was an All-Star 13 times. Even though Griffey Jr. hit 630 home runs, seventh on the all-time list, he probably would have hit many more if injuries hadn’t hampered his final five seasons. Notably, in 1993, he hit one of the longest home runs ever, the bat hitting the warehouse beyond the right field wall in Oriole Park at Camden Yards; he’s the only player ever to perform such a prodigious feat!

Mariano Rivera

Mariano Rivera

39. Mariano Rivera (1995 – 2013)

Saves: 652

ERA: 2.21

ERA + (adjusted for league average): 205

Strikeouts: 1,173

Nickname: The Sandman

Mariano Rivera had 652 career saves, the most in MLB history. He also finished 952 games, another MLB record. His lifetime ERA+ of 205 is also a record, and his lifetime WHIP was 1.000. If all of these records and achievements don’t make him the best closer in history, what would it take? Rivera played his entire career of 19 seasons with the New York Yankees (17 as their closer), helping them win five World Series. His record in the post-season is very impressive as well: 42 saves with a record of 8 and 1. Primarily using a cut fastball or “cutter” in his pitch repertoire, Mariano had Rivera-like stuff, closing out ballgames like no other in history!