Keeping Warm in a Cold Climate: How to Play Winter Sports Without Freezing to Death
Winter Sports: Playing Warm in a Cold Climate
A good part of my life has been spent in one of Canada's coldest provinces: Saskatchewan. Surprisingly, 31 out of 100,000 residents of that frigid province live to be 100 years or older, the greatest longevity of any province or territory in Canada.
Canada, as a country, currently provides about 43% of hockey players to the National Hockey League (NHL). Over the years, most hockey players in the NHL have come from Saskatchewan (2.5 of 100,000 population).
When I grew up, there was no real technology behind staying warm as a hockey player. Many of the boys and girls played hockey outdoors on ponds, neighbourhood streets or flooded yards and rinks in parks.
Most often kids played on organized teams in rinks. Although the rinks generally began to rely on "artificial" ice inside a building, the place was still pretty cold, but nothing like playing on the ponds or in the schoolyards where children might chase a puck around at temperatures in the range of 0 degrees down as a low as -40 degrees Fahrenheit/Celsius. A smelly 'heated' shack was often where the kids went to warm up. There is still pond and outdoor public skating. It is a tradition in all the cold winter countries.
In the old days (up until the 1970s), kids just threw on their gear and headed towards the door with their skates draped over their shoulders before their mothers noticed and could call them back and insist on an extra undershirt, mittens, or a wool scarf.
They were a stoic crowd.
A Mother's Suggestions for Staying Warm During the Game
- Eat enough to fire up your energy. Calories from carbohydrates are highly recommended. Porridge sticks to your ribs. Ask your grandma if you need menu suggestions.
- Wool wicks moisture away better so you stay warmer. Dress in layers.
- Wear a wool toque/beanie. Warm air escapes from the top of your head. Keep your ears covered because they freeze fast, as do your other tender protrusions: nose, lips, fingers. Wear a scarf or a ski-mask (balaclava) to cover your face. Fasten your mittens on a string and pull them through your jacket sleeves if you tend to leave them somewhere.
- Grow a beard if possible.
- When you aren't actually part of the action, be sure to keep moving. Jiggle up and down. Rub your arms. Clap your hands. Do jumping jacks. Okay, maybe not jumping jacks. Try to get into the game.
- Go warm up as often as you can in the dressing room/washroom/warm up shack.
- If your hands get really cold, take them out of your mittens and hold on to the inside one mitten.
Football Players Check In
Playing football and soccer outside, like hockey, involve physical contact, often with the frozen tundra. Here are some helpful suggestions from NFL players for avoiding hypothermia:
- Rub a lot of Vaseline (petroleum jelly) on arms if you are running with those exposed. It is messy but really does act as a sort of insulator from the wind. Read up on cautions about using vaseline on other body parts (lips, etc.)
- Have a hot chocolate or a chicken soup at the intermission time, and cozy up to a heat source then.
- Dressing in layers is a given, especially re socks or gloves, although now players often use little battery-operated hand-warmers taped on top of their feet under cleats, in their gloves, and taped inside the ear hole of the helmet.
- If available, take advantage of the pre-heated helmet warmers before the game or your head will freeze on contact with the frozen helmet.
- Sit on warm benches (up to 40 degrees Fahrenheit).
- Keep hydrated with water and electrolyte drinks (Gatorade, Pediolyte) before and during the game.
Gel Packs Keep Your Fingers Alive
A gel pack can be used to heat up pockets. The gel pack is heated in the microwave oven and then placed in the pockets of the jacket to warm it up along the flanks and allow for warming of the hands. There are several sorts of chemical heating packs that have been used over the years, but the rechargeable battery pack appears to have caught on as being effective, safe, convenient, and environmentally friendly.
DIY Hand Warmers
You can make hand warmers by using a couple of Ziploc bags (one fits inside the other, so one large, one medium or small), some salt (we use the kind that we put on walks to melt the ice in Canada. Buy it from the hardware store), and tap water.
The concept of battery-heated outerwear took a long time to hit the store racks and regular people's backs in this Canada, this land of overwhelming winter. I think we all heard about battery-heated mittens back in the 70s. Most of us didn't know that motorcyclists, skiers, and other more elite winter athletes were plugging into battery-operated heated outerwear in the 1990s. The closest many of us came to electrically-heated comfort was the driver's battery-heated car seat.
The human body strives to produce and retain heat under environmentally chilling conditions not just for health reasons, but also to be comfortable. In very cold weather it is necessary to keep moving, to metabolize to produce heat. Shivering is the hypothermic body's last-ditch attempt to pump up the heat.
Traditional cold-weather outerwear is often bulky and prone to get damp (and then cold) with precipitation or overheating that produces sweat (as in the fellow who shovels snow from his driveway.) One must keep moving to keep warm. The stress of being cold and wet takes its toll on the immune system.
Well, the age of battery-heated outerwear has arrived! For about the cost of a vacation for one to Hawaii for two weeks on the beach in January, you can outfit yourself and your favourite grandkids to keep warm in those white-out walks in a prairie blizzard. (I forget, why do people live where they have blizzards?) You can even get a battery-heated mat, bed and bowl for Bowzer (bowl?) so that he doesn't have to be uncomfortably chilly either.
For example, an Ororo women's soft-shell heated jacket can be warmed up, in 3 heat zones on your back and chest, to a satisfying 113 degrees Fahrenheit (whew, that's hotter than on the beach in Hawaii).
- The technology is such that you can turn the temperature up and down (like an old-fashioned, pre-computerized home thermostat) for comfort and for convenience, the ultra-slim battery pack does not have to be re-charged for up to five hours (*depending on how high you are hiking that baby up).
- The shell has three handy layers that resist light rain and snow, act as a windbreaker, and the laminate layer helps the jacket to breathe so you don't over-heat
- Inside cuffs and cinch cords at the waist prevent heat from escaping or cold from coming in
Review of Motorcycle Battery-Heated Outerwear
- "Home Town Heroes: Mapping Out the Birthplaces of Every Current Canadian NHL Player"
- "Top Ten Coldest Cities in Canada"
- "How NHL Players Stay Warm During Sub-Zero Games" (Washington Post)
- Stats Canada
- Petroleum Jelly: Wikipedia