X-Pass Prevention Tutorial

Updated on March 26, 2020
revolutionbjj profile image

Andrew Smith is a 3rd-degree BJJ black belt based out of Richmond, VA (Revolution BJJ). He runs BJJ Path, a video tutorial website.

The X

The X-pass for BJJ has quickly evolved into a go-go guard pass for higher level practitioners of the art. As such, it is necessary to take a step back when considering how to defend the pass, taking a look at what the person's objectives really are when attempting this technique. Here are a few preemptive and not-so-preemptive ways to stop this guard pass from happening.

RDLR and the Basics

This technique is generally a response to when you're using reverse De La Riva guard, which, in turn, can operate as a knee cut guard pass defense. Start with your partner low to the ground in combat base, and as they realize they can't execute a knee cut pass (because of your RDLR hook), they'll eventually need to stand up. Generally speaking, whenever using reverse De La Riva guard, you want to grab their foot so they can't simply kick their leg free. However, an alternate approach is to use a lower lapel grip when initially preventing the knee cut, and simply keeping this grip as your partner stands up, maximizing your ability to control their posture. While keeping the lapel grip, simply straighten your own hooking leg as your partner tries to kick free. The lapel grip will keep them from being able to get their leg free, and you should be able to reset your position in RDLR.

To Single Leg X

Building on the previous technique, as your partner attempts to kick their leg free via a classic X-pass, continue to extend your leg to follow them, while still holding onto the collar grip. Use this kicking momentum to allow your partner to pull you underneath them, while straightening your left leg (not the RDLR hooking one) under their hips, ultimately snaking it around for a single leg X-guard position. Use your left thigh to pull their right foot forward, ensuring they end up stepping right next to your hip.

Buddy Foot vs Yoga Foot

In a titanic struggle of memes and tropes, when the "yogafoot" steps up to the plate, it is ultimately the "buddy foot" that must come to the rescue. As your partner moves into a more sophisticated, calculated X-pass, their objective is a simple foot swivel, not a large, sweeping movement of kicking the air behind them. This means taking advantage of more subtle opportunities. As soon as your partner disconnects their leg from yours, you need to engage your other leg (the "buddy foot") in order to utilize a basic guard maintenance concept. Next, you have to use this post to help bring your other leg back to the center, where your partner was initially trying to pull it anyway.

Very Late Stage

Sometimes your partner is more than a step ahead with this pass, and they've prevented your ability to step over with your "buddy foot" by closing the distance with their upper body. It is absolutely imperative that you utilize a strong frame with your left arm here, directly posting on their left shoulder. This will keep them from finishing closing the gap, and should allow you to angle out much further than they initially intended. Once there, you can then step over with the "buddy foot," utilizing the same strategy as earlier to bring you back to center.

Is X-Pass the Best Pass?

See results

The Cycle

Like most fundamental concepts, guard maintenance is deceptively easy. You have a certain set of tools you can use, like posts and frames or the "buddy foot" concept, and you also have the ability to deconstruct what your partner is up to, taking a good look at the guard pass itself, and realizing what vulnerabilities are inherent in the technique. On the other hand, this ultimately is destined to become an arms race of sorts, as your partner then adjusts their game in order to respond to your updates. And so it goes: jiu jitsu constantly evolves, and we can all help it do just that.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, howtheyplay.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)