How to Get From Spider Guard to X-Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu - HowTheyPlay - Sports
Updated date:

How to Get From Spider Guard to X-Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Andrew Smith is a 3rd-degree BJJ black belt based out of Richmond, VA (Revolution BJJ). He runs BJJ Path, a video tutorial website.

how-to-get-from-spider-guard-to-x-guard

Converging Guards

Spider and X-guard are two of the more established types of open guard for competition in BJJ. Spider has been used in competition since the earliest days, although the position has evolved considerably, and X-guard has never stopped evolving since its debut on the competition scene in the late 90s and early 2000s. Because of the nature of the positions, there's some crossover, and it's actually pretty easy to transition from the much longer ranged spider into the mid-range X-guard. Here's one way.

Starting With Spider

Starting with your right foot in your partner's biceps, shoot your left leg underneath your partner's legs. As you do this, use the control you have with your left hand on your partner's sleeve to bring yourself far underneath your partner. Next, bring your back leg in first (your knee will stay behind their hips, but your foot will weave in front, creating a classic second X-guard hook). Now release the biceps control you have with your right leg, and shoot that through so that you can get the second hook. At the same time, swim your left arm underneath their near leg. Try a really easy sweep first by stretching your partner's legs out. Once their base is wide left to right, it's extremely narrow front to back. Sweep them to the back by lowering your "knee hook" down behind their ankle.

Kneebar

Start with the same entry, getting far underneath your partner by swinging yourself there. This time, as you stretch your partner out, they elect to base far forward, nullifying your original sweep intention. This time, reach for their near sleeve (they're going to give this to you as they post with their hands). Remove your right foot from behind your partner's knee and step on their triceps with it, holding their sleeve in place while you make this adjustment. This should enable you to bend their arm and pull their sleeve toward you, causing them to lose their balance. As they start to fall, track their kneecap with your hips, following during the roll. You can finish the kneebar in a variety of ways.

The Far Arm

If you stretch your partner out here, you can also reach for the far sleeve, and this opens up an entirely different route to the finish (and a different sweep as well). Your partner's balance should be very far forward at this point, and if you just pull the sleeve in toward you, you can topple them over their shoulder. Keep the sleeve grip, and follow to the top for the finishing armbar. For more submission finishes from X-guard, check out this tutorial.

Collar Control

Many folks like to use double sleeve control when getting underneath people, but I prefer to use the collar grip nowadays. I feel much more connected, my partner can't fully stand up to break the grips, and I can swing myself underneath them with the lapel grip much easier. This is more of a personal preference for me, but it's worth trying both approaches (note that I use a Leandro Lo sweep in the video here as opposed to a proper X-guard finish, but this concept applies for both situations).

Navigation and Weaving

As you navigate through a mashup of two intricate guard systems, consider how much more complicated (and hard to pass) your guard can become by weaving two systems together. The best guard players in the world don't always know tons of types of guard, but they are very, very good at weaving the types of guard they use together. If you're fortunate enough to be good with both X-guard and spider guard already, you can easily start using both in combination, causing confusion and perplexity with your training partners! As always, let me know how this stuff works out for you.

© 2018 Andrew Smith

Comments

Andrew Smith (author) from Richmond, VA on March 11, 2018:

Not sure. Which sweep combination are you referring to?

Usama Shahzad from Peshawar,Pakistan on March 10, 2018:

Hey man.Can you teach me the sweep and rear naked choke combination from the rubber guard?Please reply.

Related Stories

how-to-take-the-back-from-x-guard

How to Take the Back From X-Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

How to get to your opponent's back from the X-guard position in BJJ. This is an important technique to master as it can be used in a variety of situations.

x-guard-sweeps-into-submissions-for-bjj

How to Turn X-Guard Sweeps Into Submissions for Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

A brief BJJ tutorial on X-guard and how to use it to set up submissions off the sweep. Instruction by black belts Daniel Frank and Andrew Smith of Revolution BJJ.

how-to-pass-spider-guard

How to Pass Spider Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

A brief tutorial on how to pass spider guard for BJJ, with focus on 3 fundamental approaches.

how-to-open-the-closed-guard-in-bjj

How to Open the Closed Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

A description on how to get the guard open, and then how to start passing, with proper base and posture. This is an important skill to get down as it can be used in a variety of situations.

how-to-set-up-x-guard

How to Set Up X-Guard

How to get into X-guard from butterfly and deep half guard.

how-to-use-the-lapel-to-set-up-an-armbar-from-guard-in-bjj

How to Use the Lapel to Set up an Armbar From Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Read on for a brief BJJ tutorial on setting up the armbar from the closed guard by using the lapel "brabo" grip.

single-leg-x-guard

Single Leg X-Guard Tutorial

A brief tutorial on how to use single leg X-guard in BJJ.

butterfly-guard-for-bjj

How to Do a Butterfly Guard for Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

A brief tutorial on how to use butterfly guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

x-guard-leglocks

X-Guard Leglocks Tutorial

How to set up heel hooks, kneebars, and straight ankle locks from X-guard!

basic-half-guard-tutorial

Basic Half-Guard Tutorial in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Half guard is a valuable position in BJJ, one of the most common. Here, we cover fundamental bottom half-guard concepts.

5-different-ways-to-pull-guard

5 Different Ways to Pull Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Pulling guard can be an effective strategy to get your opponent to the ground and secure victory. Here are five different ways to pull guard in sport Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

modified-x-guard-and-footlocks

Modified X-Guard (and Footlocks) Tutorial

A brief tutorial on how to use "modified X-guard" and enter into some footsies.

the-tripod-guard-pass-for-half-guard

How to Do the "Tripod" Guard Pass for Half Guard in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

A brief BJJ tutorial on how to pass the half guard, using the classic "tripod" guard passing technique.

how-to-do-a-spinning-armbar

How to Do a Spinning Armbar in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

A brief tutorial on how to execute a spinning armbar from knee on stomach, and while defending the Kimura grip. Once you get it down, this is a pretty cool move to do on the mat.

how-to-set-up-a-crucifix-for-bjj

How to Set Up a Crucifix for Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

A brief instructional tutorial on how to set up a crucifix for BJJ. This is a critical skill to master if you want to checkmate your opponent on the mat.