Backstep Deep Half Guard Pass: Sweeping and Taking the Back from the Bottom

Updated on November 4, 2016
revolutionbjj profile image

Andrew Smith is a 3rd degree BJJ black belt based out of Richmond, VA (Revolution BJJ). He runs the BJJ Tutorial Encyclopedia here.

The Backstep Pass

In sport Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, the "backstep pass" (sometimes also called the "stepover pass" depending on how the person gets there), essentially a kneebar attack position, is a formidable positional threat, not to mention all of the submission attacks your partner might have. As such, it's important to shut the pass down before it gets too far along, and to understand some basic maintenance from the bottom person's perspective. Here, we'll go over a very early stage defense, followed by a somewhat later defensive option.

Background on the Position

Here, you can get an idea of why the backstep pass from deep half guard can be so accessible. Danny simply steps over my head, keeping his base low as he goes (so as to avoid any absurdly easy sweeps from my end), and ends up sitting on my hips, facing my feet. While this is just one scenario in which your partner might end up in the backstep position, it is a fairly common one, and once you're familiar with deep half guard, you will find yourself in this position a great deal against better opponents and training partners. Additionally, your partner has access to a wide variety of leglocks, so knowing how to preempt these attacks is crucial. We're going to take a look at two different ways to stop the leg attacks and to get on top. Finally, your partner can actually take your back after stepping over, so it's important to understand how to shut that down, too.

The Hook Sweep

Assuming that your partner's right leg is trapped in between your legs in deep half guard, as they step over your head with their left leg, the first thing to do is to establish butterfly hooks. Generally, it's much easier to get the inside hook than the outside because of leg and body positioning, so let's get that done first. Your left hook (the leg your partner would be attacking with a kneebar) should find its place behind your partner's ankle, shutting down the leglock possibility very early on. The ultimate goal is to get your right hook behind their leg, close to their knee, but this isn't always possible straight away. However, if you elevate their leg just a bit with your left foot, you should be able to swim your right foot in there. Meanwhile, grab their collar with your right hand, while grabbing the fabric of their gi with your left hand. Finally, butterfly sweep them over to your left.

More Details

Here's a second quick look at the same technique. You can see that, while the movement seems complex, you can learn to do the hook switch relatively smoothly, and the whole thing becomes one move after a little drilling time. Notice that as I come up on top, I am continuing to redirect my partner's hips to the side with my butterfly hook, making a guard recovery considerably more difficult for my partner.

The Back Take

Sometimes you're not going to be so good at getting the hooks with your feet, or your partner is going to work to prevent you from getting them with better hip positioning. This is a good time to try to untuck their far lapel, and use this to set up a quick back take. This time, as they step over, turn your own hips all the way over, keeping your left leg in between their legs. Keep the grip on the lapel here, or else your partner will be able to take your back as well! Now just sit back through, completing a slick transition to your partner's back. For more detail (and other variations) on this technique, check out Taking the Back from Deep Half Guard.

Which happens to you more often?

See results

The Rabbit Hole

Deep half guard is, in and of itself, a highly specialized type of guard, although I fully believe anyone who does jiu jitsu can learn to use it. The backstep from deep half is an even more specialized position, but it's also one which you'll experience a great deal with competent training partners. Having these two simple counter attack options at the ready is crucial to being able to effectively utilize deep half at a higher level. As always, let me know how these techniques are working for you!

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, howtheyplay.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://howtheyplay.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)