The History of the Belmont Stakes

Updated on September 6, 2019
harrynielsen profile image

American sporting events run the gamut in their scope and often cater to large crowds.

The Oldest Leg of the Triple Crown

This 1868 print by William C. Robertson, titled "The False Start", features the grand stand of Jerome Park in the background. Jerome Park was the first site of the Belmont Stakes
This 1868 print by William C. Robertson, titled "The False Start", features the grand stand of Jerome Park in the background. Jerome Park was the first site of the Belmont Stakes | Source

The History of the Belmont Stakes

The first ever Belmont Stakes was held in 1868, making it the oldest of the three Triple Crown races. The race was named for its financial sponsor, August Belmont Sr., the successful NYC entrepreneur who financed the first race. However, this first event did not occur at the Elmont track where the contest is held today, but instead the event happened at Jerome Park in the Bronx. Incidentally, Jerome Park is named for another New York City financial whiz, Leonard Jerome.

The race continued to be held in the Bronx until 1890, when it was moved to the nearby Morris Park Race Course. Here, it remained until 1905, when the newly built Belmont Park track in the town of Elmont became the new home for the Belmont Stakes. The race has remained on Long Island until the present day. However, the event has not been continuous, as it was canceled in 1911 and 1912, due to the short-lived prohibition of betting on horse races in New York state.

Belmont Grand Stand

Belmont Grand Stand: When a Triple Crown is on the line, the Belmont Grand Stand is packed.
Belmont Grand Stand: When a Triple Crown is on the line, the Belmont Grand Stand is packed. | Source

Development of the Triple Crown

The first horse to win all three of the major races (Kentucky Derby, the Preakness, and the Belmont Stakes) was Gallant Fox, who completed the feat in 1930. Even so, the term Triple Crown was not in common use until 1935 when Omaha (son of Gallant Fox) repeated the three race victory. After Omaha's win, the Triple Crown became a household word.

The spacing of the three races has not changed. But before the 30s, the race dates varied and on a few rare occasions, the Preakness and the Belmont Stakes even occurred on the same day, thus making a Triple Crown champion impossible.

History of the Belmont Stakes

Transportation of Racehorses

Another obstacle to the development of the Triple Crown was transportation of the horses, for before the development of the internal combustion engine, moving a horse by train could be quite costly and not very efficient. As a result, owners did not take their animals too far from their home bases to compete in a race.

The Belmont Stakes is known as "The Run for the Carnations", because the winning horse and jockey receive a blanket of white carnations.
The Belmont Stakes is known as "The Run for the Carnations", because the winning horse and jockey receive a blanket of white carnations. | Source

The Longest Yard

Because of its extra 1/4 mile in length, the Belmont Stakes is often referred to as "The Test of Champions." The extra two furlongs (there are eight furlongs in a mile), changes this race to a contest of stamina and endurance. Whereas the Derby and the Preakness may test the speed of a young horse, the Belmont Stakes allows spectators to see which jockey can best pace his steed on the longer journey around the track.

What's a Furlong?

Even if you have just followed a few horse races, most likely you have heard the term, "furlong" thrown around, at least once or twice. In case you're wondering about the origin, the word can be traced back to medieval England, when an acre was measured as a furlong wide and a furlong in length. Since there are eight furlongs in a mile, a square mile would contain 64 acres with each acre being 220 by 220 yards. Today, the term, "furlong" is reserved almost exclusively for horse racing.

Secratariat's Amazing Victory at the 1973 Belmont Stakes

In 1973, Secratariat was involved in a neck and neck race with another horse, called Sham, at least for the first half of the race. Then Secretariat ran away with the contest, leaving Sham in the dust and winning by just over 30 lengths. In the process, the horse set a world's record for twelve furlongs on a dirt track, which still stands today. Since that day, all the Belmont Stakes races are compared with Secretariat's great victory. So far, not one horse has come close.

Air Horse One

Flying Horses

Today, horses are flown from race to race, usually arriving at a big event like the Belmont Stakes, a few days before the actual race. This reality of equestrian travel makes it much easier for a horse to compete in all three races. In fact, there are even special airplanes designed for horse travel, which can transport as many as 20 race horses at one time. Given that a thoroughbred weighs in between 1,000 and 1,300 pounds, these are fair-sized cargo planes doing the transporting.

Another side light to equestrian air travel, is that now the Triple Crown is an international event with some horses coming from as far away as Saudi Arabia or South Africa to run for the roses, the black-eyed Susans and/or the carnations.

Questions & Answers

  • I am not trying to put anyone on the spot but I read that of race horses Don't win races they are sold at auction. The black market takes them and kills them for meat to go out of the country like mexico or Cananda and they can be bought from Koreans because horse meat is a delicatsy. Is a tone doing anything about this. Don't the owners. Care.?

    Have you found any actual evidence. It seems a bit extreme to me considering the actual cost of a race horse.

© 2018 Harry Nielsen


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)