I love riding, jockeys, race tracks, and everything about horses.
Types of Saddles
Ancient people were quite content to ride horses without saddles. Indeed, in many parts of the world, people still do ride "bareback," and it can even be a useful way for riders to improve their balance and feel for the horse's movements. But anybody who wishes to ride in competitions, on the roads, or learn many of the techniques associated with English and Western riding will need to use a saddle.
Saddles provided to beginners at riding schools are often general-purpose saddles that can accommodate a range of different body types. Anybody who has their own horse will need to buy a saddle that not only suits their shape and size but also the type of riding that they will be doing and their horse's body. For this reason, it's vital to have a thorough knowledge of the different types of horse-riding saddles and what each one is used for. With a great knowledge of riding saddles, you'll be able to find a suitable one for you and your horse.
It is highly recommended that before buying a saddle, you should have a master saddler from the equestrian shop measure up your horse. It's also important that your saddler know the disciplines the horse will be taking part in, be it general riding, jumping, dressage, hunting or cross-country.
Saddles can range in price from $100 to $500, depending on their quality, but custom or specialist saddles maybe even more expensive. Try to pay a little bit more for your first saddle and get the best one you can. You'll feel the rewards while riding!
1. General Purpose Saddle
These saddles are ideal for the beginner or intermediate rider who has just bought their first horse and enjoys various types of riding. They are sturdy with flaps that are cut forward and can accommodate the rider well for basic jumping, dressage, and hacks or hunts in the country with small jumps. Riders balance well on these saddles, and there are no pads at the front of the saddle for the knee. They are often used in riding schools because there are so many riders of different abilities and sizes that ride there.
2. Dressage Saddle
Dressage saddles are designed for advanced riders who are regularly competing in flat-work competitions. The saddles enhance the traditional straight-legged and upright torso dressage position. They have a deeper seat that looks more like a U-shaped curve when viewed from the side, which is intended to provide better balance for the rider. Dressage saddles have straight flaps, and they are made from lightweight, thin material, which provides the rider with closer leg contact for precision moves.
3. Jumping Saddle
Jumping saddles are designed to push the rider slightly forward into the two-point jumping position for when they are going over fences. This is done by providing a flatter seat than dressage saddles which looks more like a mellow C-shaped curve when viewed from the side. The saddle flaps are much bigger, which gives the leg more support, and there is padding at the front of the flaps, which provides stability and protection for the lower leg during jumps.
4. Hunting Saddle
Hunting saddles are designed for riders who regularly go fox-hunting in the English countryside. Many hunts involve jumps over large hedges with very steep drops on the other side. For this reason, the saddle is shaped to push the rider's weight back in the saddle and their feet forwards in the stirrups. This allows the rider to remain in a safer position leaning backward when they are landing over large fences. The saddles have low a low cantle and pommel, which makes jumps more comfortable. They are made from durable leather to match the traditional hunting attire.
5. Youth Saddle
These saddles are very lightweight and used for young children who are riding small ponies. They are made from synthetic materials like cotton with small bits of leather or plastic. The shape of the saddle is much smaller, which allows the child to be more balanced in the seat. Some of these saddles will have a handle at the front which can be used for balance. They are often cheaper than adult saddles and fit a wide range of ponies.
6. Western Saddle
Cowboys ride these saddles! They are made from brown leather and can be intricately decorated with colourful Western designs. There is a horn at the front of the saddle, which aids balance while the other hand holds the reigns. The saddles are designed to be more comfortable and sturdy for ranch hands who spent long hours on horseback, often performing sharp turns. There are now around ten different types of Western saddles that have been adapted for the various disciplines of Western riding.
7. Side Saddle
When women started riding horses in European countries in the middle ages, it was not deemed proper for them to straddle a horse, particularly because they would be wearing skirts. Hence the side-saddle was developed as a way for them to sit aside a horse with their legs crossed. This was very ladylike and allowed them to keep their fine clothes clean. The saddles have two pommels, or horns, that hold the rider's legs in place. The right leg rests on top of the top pommel, and the left thigh goes under the lower pommel. This two-pommel design can be secure enough for women to jump fences and gallop.
8. Racing Saddles
Racing saddles are very small and lightweight. They are used specifically for jockeys who are galloping and jumping fences on thoroughbred horses. The saddles have only one girth strap, and the stirrups are very short. The seat is flatter than those of other saddles as they are not intended for a rider to sit in but for them to hover over while crouching in the stirrups. Saddles for flat racing have much smaller flaps than steeplechase saddles, which have larger flaps to give the jockey a more secure lower leg over fences.
9. Treeless Saddle
Treeless saddles lie somewhere between bareback riding and riding a horse with a full saddle. They are usually made from leather and foam padding with a smaller pommel and cantle made from lightweight fibreglass. The saddles provide closer contact with the horse and allow more bodily freedom, but they are not as secure as general-purpose saddles, for example. Horses that have backs that are difficult to fit saddles to could benefit from a treeless saddle, as could riders who feel uncomfortable with their position in a full saddle. Because they are lighter, the saddles may not be as secure as others, so it is recommended that riders using them also fit a breastplate.
10. Australian Stock Saddle
This saddle is popular around the world with anybody who needs to spend long hours on horseback. This could include cattle ranchers, trail riders, endurance riders, and polocrosse players. The saddle was adapted for Australian stock handlers from the general-purpose English saddle, but this one has a much deeper seat, a higher pommel—possibly with a horn—and extra padding, particularly around the knees. There may also be webbing and padding under the saddle for extra support and an over-girth, a strap that runs over the saddle for even more security. These features help to give the rider a more secure and balanced seat allowing them to be more comfortable in the saddle over long periods.
Jessie on September 08, 2020:
yes you have a western saddle but what about the english saddle
puppy on July 05, 2020:
i like it
McKenzie Buetow on April 29, 2020:
Yeah I’m writing a report on tack this is so helpful
Ashlyn on March 04, 2020:
This is very interesting I jump horses
cassandra on May 17, 2019:
my comment is that there is lots of saddles i like for my paragraph that i need to do in school which is horses. Thanks a lot guys!!!!
unknown number 2 on May 08, 2019:
i totally agree where is the wester saddle
unknown im not telling you guys on May 08, 2019:
Why is this all english saddles? Where are the western saadles?
Chase on July 14, 2018:
The Chinese did not invent the saddle.The oldest saddles found by archaeologists have been in western Europe in Germany and France.It is believed to have been invented by Gaulic traders in the alps and later copied by Ancient Rome who spread it across the ancient world..the Mongols invented the stirrup to give better stability for fighting on horse back.Until the mongol invasion of china the chinese did not ride horses they only ate them or used them to pull carts and chariots.They claim to have invented everything in the world this is part of carl marx's communist manifesto rewrote history to glorify the party and show the superioirity of communism
Piper on July 13, 2018:
This is good info. for us 4-Hers
Rhoda on July 02, 2018:
The horn on a western or Australian stock saddle is for holding your rope, not hanging onto.
unkown on May 29, 2018:
thanks so much i love horses so i chose western saddles for a class project and this gave me alot of info thanks so much
d on January 31, 2018:
l on January 31, 2018:
i learnd lot
Kaydance on November 20, 2017:
this is the perfect site to use to get information about saddles for a project or for a essay.
Allie on September 08, 2017:
Wow soooo much about saddles!! thx for writing this! ~ to Amberkn: the western saddle is actually very comfortable for a horse! and as long as you try to move with your horse, your good. you must remember horses are built for holding us. though i agree we should pay attention on how their comfortability is.
Killian Deano on March 06, 2017:
That rely helps a lot i'm doing a rely long progect.
justmesuzanne from Texas on January 12, 2014:
Thanks for all the clear and useful information. I recently bought a general purpose English saddle online and am pleased with it. When I was growing up, we actually had a sidesaddle that my mother's childhood riding instructor gave us. I rode with it several times. It was really quite comfortable and secure.
Voted up, useful and interesting! :)
Amberkn on November 20, 2013:
Thank you for all the information on the different types of saddles but I was wondering does anyone know the most comfortable type of saddle for your horse? She's the one carrying me so I try and make it as easy on her as possible. Sounds like the treeless saddle is but can you just confirm that?
CCFARM on September 06, 2012:
County Saddlery is a phonomenal custom fit! Www.seasidesaddleworks.com
Rickrideshorses (author) from England on March 01, 2012:
That's a fair point, Katrina. Thanks for commenting
Katrina on February 28, 2012:
I would like to say something about your "interesting fact", the Chinese only invented the "tree" of the saddle not the whole thing. Many other countries have contributed to the making of the saddle.
Ali on February 10, 2012:
I was wondering if you know what year it was invented?
Rickrideshorses (author) from England on April 11, 2010:
Thanks for stopping by, Cynniya. That's a good question and I'll look into that.
Rickrideshorses (author) from England on February 16, 2010:
Thanks for your comment, Anne. As y ou know, there are so many different types of saddles available that it's hard to list them all but hopefully this has given the main ones.
Anne Coyle from Bronxville, NY on February 15, 2010:
Your article and illustrations will be very helpful for horse riders to shop for saddles depending on their purposes and venues. You certainly cover the gamut of types of horse riding saddles. I was interested to read about the transition of Australian stock saddles from general purpose English saddles. Good work!